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Capital Markets and the Instability of Open Economies

Author

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  • Aghion, Philippe
  • Bacchetta, Philippe
  • Banerjee, Abhijit

Abstract

This paper introduces a framework for analyzing the role of financial factors as a source of instability in small open economies. Our basic model is a dynamic open economy model with one tradeable and one non-tradeable good with the non-tradeable being an input to the production of the tradeable. We also assume that firms face credit constraints, with the constraint being tighter at a lower level of financial development. The two basic implications of this model are the following: first, economies at an intermediate level of financial development are more unstable than either very developed or very underdeveloped economies. This is true both in the sense that temporary shocks have large and persistent effects and also in the sense that these economies can exhibit stable limit cycles. Thus, countries that are going through a phase of financial development may become more unstable in the short run. Second, in economies at an intermediate level of financial development, full financial liberalization may actually destabilize the economy. On the other hand, foreign direct investment does not destabilize.

Suggested Citation

  • Aghion, Philippe & Bacchetta, Philippe & Banerjee, Abhijit, 1999. "Capital Markets and the Instability of Open Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 2083, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2083
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Campbell, John Y. & Mankiw, N. Gregory, 1991. "The response of consumption to income : A cross-country investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 723-756, May.
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    3. Bacchetta, Philippe, 1992. "Liberalization of Capital Movements and of the Domestic Financial System," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 59(236), pages 465-474, November.
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    8. Michael Mussa & Giovanni Dell'Ariccia & Barry J. Eichengreen & Enrica Detragiache, 1998. "Capital Account Liberalization; Theoretical and Practical Aspects," IMF Occasional Papers 172, International Monetary Fund.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital Flows; Credit Constraints; Instability;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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