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Is Europe Overbanked?

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  • Marco Pagano
  • ESRB Advisory Scientific Committee

Abstract

This paper is after a difficult question: has banking grown too much in Europe? The difficultly of the question lies in the words “too much”, which require a normative answer. The authors took a stance on how much is “too much”, based on the needs of the real economy in Europe. To tackle the question, they take an approach similar to that of a doctor treating a patient who seems overweight. They were not the first doctors that the European banking system has consulted in recent years. Their patient had just taken a potent medicine (the CRD IV package) and had prescriptions for more (BRRD, SSM, SRM, and possibly structural reform). Indeed, the patient has grown tired of this medicinal onslaught: he has “therapy fatigue”. But, in the authors' view, more is needed. Some therapies could have a higher dosage; others have not been tried at all. Pagano et al. thought that a course of new treatments will brighten the prognosis: helping the European banking system to make a speedy and lasting recovery from its current bloated state. This publication was originally published by ESRB – European Systemic Risk Board as Reports of the Advisory Scientific Committee No. 4/June 2014 “Is Europe Overbanked?”. It was presented during the mBank-CASE Seminar no 132 "Is Europe overbanked?". This report was written by a group of the ESRB’s Advisory Scientific Committee, chaired by Marco Pagano and assisted by Sam Langfield. In addition, the ASC group comprised Viral Acharya, Arnoud Boot, Markus Brunnermeier, Claudia Buch, Martin Hellwig, Andr´e Sapir and Ieke van den Burg.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Pagano & ESRB Advisory Scientific Committee, 2014. "Is Europe Overbanked?," mBank - CASE Seminar Proceedings 132, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:sec:mbanks:0132
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    Cited by:

    1. Sam Langfield & Marco Pagano, 2016. "Bank bias in Europe: effects on systemic risk and growth," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 31(85), pages 51-106.
    2. Christian Beer & Walter Waschiczek, 2017. "What is the financial sector’s contribution to the Austrian economy?," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q2/17, pages 54-72.
    3. Abad, Jorge & D'Errico, Marco & Killeen, Neill & Luz, Vera & Peltonen, Tuomas & Portes, Richard & Urbano, Teresa, 2017. "Mapping the interconnectedness between EU banks and shadow banking entities," CEPR Discussion Papers 11919, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Simon Schumacher & Stephan Paul, 2017. "Capital Markets Union – Promising Prospects for Corporate Financing?," Schmalenbach Business Review, Springer;Schmalenbach-Gesellschaft, vol. 18(3), pages 289-304, August.
    5. Emmanuel Carré & Guillaume L’œillet, 2018. "The Literature on the Finance–Growth Nexus in the Aftermath of the Financial Crisis: A Review," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 60(1), pages 161-180, March.
    6. Elisabetta Montanaro & Mario Tonveronachi, 2017. "Vulnerabilita' del sistema bancario italiano. Diagnosi e rimedi (Dealing with the vulnerability of the Italian banking system)," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 70(280), pages 299-368.
    7. Claessens, Stijn, 2017. "Regulation and structural change in financial systems," CEPR Discussion Papers 11822, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Endrejat, Vanessa & Thiemann, Matthias, 2018. "Reviving the shadow banking chain in Europe: Regulatory agency, technical complexity and the dynamics of co-habitation," SAFE Working Paper Series 222, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    9. Bats, Joost V. & Houben, Aerdt C.F.J., 2020. "Bank-based versus market-based financing: Implications for systemic risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).
    10. Agostino Consolo & Marco Langiulli & David Sondermann, 2019. "Business investment in euro area countries: the role of institutions and debt overhang," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(7), pages 561-575, April.
    11. Laurent Clerc & Alberto Giovannini & Sam Langfield & Tuomas Peltonen & Richard Portes & Martin Scheicher, 2016. "Indirect contagion: the policy problem," ESRB Occasional Paper Series 09, European Systemic Risk Board.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Money Supply; Credit; Money multipliers; Central Banks and Their Policies; Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate governance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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