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Private school effects in urban and rural India: Panel estimates at primary and secondary school ages

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  • Singh, Abhijeet

Abstract

I present the first value-added models of learning production in private and government schools in India using unique panel data from Andhra Pradesh state. I examine the heterogeneity in private school value-added across different subjects, urban and rural areas, medium of instruction, and across age groups. Further, I also estimate private school effects on children's self-efficacy and agency. In rural areas, I find a substantial positive effect (>0.5 SD) of private schools on English, no effect on Mathematics and heterogeneous effects on Telugu for 8–10-year old students; at 15years, there are modest effects (<0.2 SD) on Mathematics and Telugu receptive vocabulary. I find no evidence of a positive effect in urban areas or on psychosocial skills. Results on comparable test domains and age groups correspond closely with, and further extend, estimates from a parallel experimental evaluation.

Suggested Citation

  • Singh, Abhijeet, 2015. "Private school effects in urban and rural India: Panel estimates at primary and secondary school ages," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 16-32.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:113:y:2015:i:c:p:16-32
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2014.10.004
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    2. Crawfurd, Lee, 2017. "School Management and Public-Private Partnerships in Uganda," MPRA Paper 79923, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Evans, David K. & Popova, Anna, 2016. "Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Development: Accounting for Local Costs and Noisy Impacts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 262-276.
    4. Lant Pritchett & Yamini Aiyar, 2015. "Value Subtraction in Public Sector Production: Accounting vs Economic Cost of Primary Schooling in India," CID Working Papers 297, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    5. Zeitlyn, Benjamin & Lewin, Keith M. & Chimombo, Joseph & Meke, Elizabeth, 2015. "Inside private secondary schools in Malawi: Access or exclusion?," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 109-117.
    6. repec:eee:wdevel:v:109:y:2018:i:c:p:261-278 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Karthik Muralidharan & Abhijeet Singh & Alejandro J. Ganimian, 2016. "Disrupting Education? Experimental Evidence on Technology-Aided Instruction in India," NBER Working Papers 22923, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Deepti Goel & Bidisha Barooah, 2018. "Drivers of Student Performance: Evidence from Higher Secondary Public Schools in Delhi," Working papers 289, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
    9. repec:bla:rdevec:v:21:y:2017:i:4:p:1191-1204 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Goel, Deepti & Barooah, Bidisha, 2018. "Drivers of Student Performance: Evidence from Higher Secondary Public Schools in Delhi," IZA Discussion Papers 11670, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, 2017. "The private schooling phenomenon in India: A review," DoQSS Working Papers 17-06, Department of Quantitative Social Science - UCL Institute of Education, University College London.
    12. Goel, Deepti & Barooah, Bidisha, 2018. "Drivers of Student Performance: Evidence from Higher Secondary Public Schools in Delhi," GLO Discussion Paper Series 231, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    13. Kelly, Orla & Krishna, Aditi & Bhabha, Jacqueline, 2016. "Private schooling and gender justice: An empirical snapshot from Rajasthan, India's largest state," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 175-187.
    14. Juan F. Castro, 2017. "Revisiting Dynamic Complementarity in the Production of Cognitive Skill and its Implications for a Cognitive Achievement Gap Decomposition," Working Papers 2017-105, Peruvian Economic Association.
    15. Juan F. Castro, 2015. "Linear decompositions of cognitive achievement gaps a cautionary note and an illustration using peruvian data," Working Papers 15-08, Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico.
    16. Pritchett, Lant & Aiyar, Yamini, 2015. "Value Subtraction in Public Sector Production: Accounting versus Economic Cost of Primary Schooling in India," Working Paper Series rwp15-027, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.

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