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Impactos de los fenómenos climáticos sobre el precio de los alimentos en Colombia


  • Daniel Parra-Amado


  • Davinson Stev Abril-Salcedo


  • Luis Fernando Melo-Velandia



En este documento se estima el impacto de los fenómenos climáticos sobre el crecimiento de la inflación de alimentos. Para ello se utilizan funciones de impulso-respuesta generalizadas de un modelo no lineal de transición suave para la inflación de alimentos y las anomalías del índice de la temperatura superficial del mar 3,4 (ENSO). Este análisis se realiza para el periodo mensual comprendido entre junio de 1955 y mayo del 2015. Los resultados obtenidos indican que estos choques son transitorios y asimétricos. En particular, un choque positivo y fuerte sobre ENSO tiene un efecto significativo sobre el crecimiento de la inflación de alimentos y la incrementa en 72,5 y 100 puntos básicos en el cuarto y quinto mes después de la perturbación, respectivamente.******This paper estimates the impacts of weather conditions on Colombian food inflation growth. Generalized impulse response functions were used for a smooth transition non-linear model that includes food inflation and the sea surface temperature index (SST v3.4). In this study, data were obtained from the monthly period between June 1995 and May 2015. Results suggest that the weather shocks are transitory and asymmetric. In particular, a strong and positive shock has a significant effect on the food inflation growth and produces a 72,5 and 100 bases points increment four and five months later, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Parra-Amado & Davinson Stev Abril-Salcedo & Luis Fernando Melo-Velandia, 2016. "Impactos de los fenómenos climáticos sobre el precio de los alimentos en Colombia," Revista ESPE - ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 34(80), pages 146-158, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:014687

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Potter, Simon M., 2000. "Nonlinear impulse response functions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 24(10), pages 1425-1446, September.
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    More about this item


    Fenómenos climáticos; Modelos no lineales de transición suave; Precios de alimentos;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation


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