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Tunisian industrial policy, location and evolution of the industrial space of the interior regions

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  • Mohamed Ali Labidi

Abstract

Tunisia's industrial development policies have long been considered as a strategic axis that guarantees the economic development of different regions. The industrial policy has tried to achieve a better distribution of economic activities and to promote industrialization in the interior regions. This article studies the evolution of the industrial space of the interior regions of Tunisia. As it measured the concentration and the geographical specialization of economic activities, in connection with their further estimation on a temporal trend, using a common empirical framework that exploits an intermediate geographic level and manufacturing sectors. This approach yields evidence on the weakly diversified industrial structure of the interior and the southern governorates of Tunisia. It is proved, too, that the growth of the manufacturing industry is accompanied by huge inequalities between space units. Given the previously stated results, the industrial policies in the interior regions of Tunisia would be of considerable benefit if it solves the problem of the market and public policy failure. Thus, we strongly urge the establishment of new components of industrial policy. Las políticas de desarrollo industrial de Túnez se consideran desde hace tiempo una ruta estratégica que garantiza el desarrollo económico de las distintas regiones. La política industrial ha intentado lograr una mejor distribución de las actividades económicas y promover la industrialización en las regiones del interior. Este artículo estudia la evolución del espacio industrial de las regiones interiores de Túnez. Se midió la concentración y la especialización geográfica de las actividades económicas, en relación con su estimación posterior sobre una tendencia temporal, mediante el uso de un marco empírico común que se aprovecha de un nivel geográfico intermedio y de los sectores manufactureros. Este enfoque aporta pruebas sobre la estructura industrial poco diversificada del interior y de las gobernaciones del sur de Túnez. También queda demostrado que el crecimiento de sector manufacturero va acompañado de enormes desigualdades entre las unidades espaciales. Teniendo en cuenta los resultados expuestos anteriormente, las políticas industriales en las regiones del interior de Túnez serían muy beneficiosas si resolvieran el problema del fracaso del mercado y de las políticas públicas. Por lo tanto, se insta firmemente a que se establezcan nuevos componentes de la política industrial. チュニジアの産業発展政策は、これまで地域の経済発展を保障する戦略軸と考えられてきた。産業政策により、経済活動の配分を改善し、内陸地域の工業化を促進することが試みられてきた。本稿は、チュニジアの内陸部の産業空間の進化を検討する。地理的な中間的水準と製造部門を活用した通常の実証的フレームワークを用いて、経済活動の集中度と地理的特化度を、時間的傾向の詳細な推定との関連で測定した。このアプローチから、チュニジアの内陸部と南部の行政地区の産業構造がかすかに多様化していることを示すエビデンスが得られた。製造業の成長には空間単位間の巨大な不平等を伴うことも証明されている。前述の結果を考慮すると、チュニジア内陸部の産業政策は、市場と公共政策の失敗による問題を解決すれば、かなりのベネフィットが得られるであろう。したがって、著者らは産業政策の新たな構成要素の確立を強く求める。

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Ali Labidi, 2021. "Tunisian industrial policy, location and evolution of the industrial space of the interior regions," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 943-956, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rgscpp:v:13:y:2021:i:3:p:943-956
    DOI: 10.1111/rsp3.12410
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