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Structure Industrielle, Économies D’Agglomeration, Ouverture Et Croissance Régionale En Tunisie

Author

Listed:
  • Zouhour KARRAY

    (LEREPS – GRES Université Toulouse 1)

  • Slim DRISS

    (ESSEC de Tunis)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explain the regional growth of industrial employment in Tunisia between 2000 and 2005. Based on the contributions of the new economic geography and the empirical findings dealing with agglomeration economies and dynamic externalities in the wake of Glaeser et al. (1992), an econometric model is estimated which allows to take into account the initial size and industrial structure of regions, as well as the effect of economic openness in Tunisia. The results show on the one hand that a competitive environment of small firms and a diversity of industrial activities are favourable to regional growth. On the other hand, the agglomeration forces and Foreign Direct Investment play an important role in coastal areas, but do not prevent the appearance of convergence between regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Zouhour KARRAY & Slim DRISS, 2009. "Structure Industrielle, Économies D’Agglomeration, Ouverture Et Croissance Régionale En Tunisie," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 29, pages 141-157.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:29:y:2009:p:141-157
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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R29/6-Driss-Karray.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Karoly Fazekas, 2005. "Effects of FDI Inflows on Regional Labour Market Differences in Hungary," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 102, pages 83-105.
    2. Combes, Pierre-Philippe, 2000. "Economic Structure and Local Growth: France, 1984-1993," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 329-355, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. DRIDI, Manel, 2015. "Dynamic Externalities and Regional Development: The case of Tunisia," MPRA Paper 66988, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Samir Saidi, 2016. "Territorial Attractiveness of the Foreign Direct Investment: Empirical Evidence from Panel Data Analysis for the Case of Tunisia," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 12(4), pages 311-325, October.
    3. repec:rom:bemann:v:6:y:2016:i:2:p:32-45 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sami SAAFI & Fouzi SBOUI, 2011. "LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS LES OPPORTUNITES DES INVESTISSEMENTS DIRECTS ETRANGERS, DIFFUSION TECHNOLOGIQUE ET DEMANDE DE LA MAIN-D’OEUVRE PAR QUALIFICATION DES INDUSTRIES T," Working Papers 240, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CROISSANCE RÉGIONALE; STRUCTURE INDUSTRIELLE; EXTERNALITES DYNAMIQUES; ÉCONOMIES D'AGGLOMÉRATION; INVESTISSEMENT DIRECT ÉTRANGER; TUNISIE;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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