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Regional Growth in Tunisia: Economic Geography Forces and Industrial Structure

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  • Zouhour Karray

    () (Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion de Nabeul (FSEGN), University of 7th November at Carthage, Tunis)

  • Slim Driss

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explain regional growth and agglomeration of industrial activities in Tunisia between 2000 and 2005. Based on the contributions of the new economic geography, and the theoretical approach dealing with the relationship between externalities and regional growth, an econometric model is considered to test the impacts of the industrial structure, the agglomeration effects and the opening of the border in Tunisia on regional growth. On the one hand, the results show that a competitive environment and a diversity of the industrial activities are favorable to the regional growth. On the other hand, the forces of agglomeration play an important part, but do not prevent the appearance of convergence between the regions (even if overall coastal areas always benefit from a more considerable growth than the interior of the country). Lastly, the results also show that foreign direct investments play an important part in the development of concentrated areas. These findings have some policy implications related mainly to technological spillovers associated to foreign investments.

Suggested Citation

  • Zouhour Karray & Slim Driss, 2008. "Regional Growth in Tunisia: Economic Geography Forces and Industrial Structure," Working Papers 419, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:419
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-640, June.
    2. Karoly Fazekas, 2005. "Effects of FDI Inflows on Regional Labour Market Differences in Hungary," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 102, pages 83-105.
    3. Robert Dekle, 2002. "Industrial Concentration And Regional Growth: Evidence From The Prefectures," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 310-315, May.
    4. Combes, Pierre-Philippe, 2000. "Economic Structure and Local Growth: France, 1984-1993," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 329-355, May.
    5. Kenneth J. Arrow, 1962. "The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(3), pages 155-173.
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