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Une interprétation évolutionniste des politiques industrielles

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  • Jorge Niosi
  • Bertrand Bellon

Abstract

[eng] This article develops an evolutionist approach of the most recent public policy initiatives toward business. The analysis is based on four concepts which are: the National System of innovation (NSI), the techno-economic paradigm, the organisational complexity, and the life cycle. These concepts are applied to industrial policy processes. The article starts with a short discussion of some concepts of the evolutionist approach regarding the role of the State. It explains why the same policies do not provide the same results according to regions and periods. Then, two proposals are developped. The first introduces organisational complexity as the major determinant of private-public industrial relations and evolution (as well as private-private and public-public relations). The second one suggests an interpretation of industrial policies according to life cycle models. Altogether, the article considers, when analysing this field, jointly historical roots and non-determinism. [fre] Ce dernier texte présente une interprétation évolutionniste de l'émergence de nouvelles politiques industrielles, sur la base des concepts de système national d'innovation (SNI), de nouveau paradigme techno-économique, de complexité organisationnelle et de cycle de vie. Il part des principaux concepts de l'analyse évolutionniste pour les appliquer au rôle joué par l'État dans la période actuelle et montrer pourquoi les mêmes politiques ne porteront pas les mêmes effets selon les lieux et les périodes. Il effectue ensuite deux propositions analytiques. La première est l'introduction de la complexité organisationnelle comme déterminant majeur de la transformation actuelle des politiques industrielles. La seconde propose une vision des politiques en termes de cycle de vie. L'ensemble essaie de donner une explication à la diversité croissante de situations dans lesquelles voisinent les déterminants historiques et l'absence de déterminisme.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Niosi & Bertrand Bellon, 1995. "Une interprétation évolutionniste des politiques industrielles," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 71(1), pages 213-226.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1995_num_71_1_1567
    DOI: 10.3406/rei.1995.1567
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1995.1567
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Politique industrielle et système d’innovation dans les pays en voie de développement
      by jm26121978@gmail.com (Jihène Malek) in BS Initiative on 2014-06-03 15:42:25

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    Cited by:

    1. Mohamed Ali Labidi, 2021. "Tunisian industrial policy, location and evolution of the industrial space of the interior regions," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 943-956, June.

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