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Bilateral Import Protection, Free Trade Agreements, and Other Factors Influencing Trade Flows in Agriculture and Clothing

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  • Thomas L. Vollrath
  • Mark J. Gehlhar
  • Charles B. Hallahan

Abstract

"Many factors shape the global network of bilateral trade including fundamental forces of supply and demand factors and government policies. This study uses the generalised gravity framework to distinguish among the different drivers that either deter or aid partner trade in land-intensive agriculture and labour-intensive clothing. The dataset used in the analysis includes bilateral trade among 70 countries in 1995, 2000 and 2005. Collectively, the 70 countries account for 85% of the world's trade in agriculture and 96% of its GDP. Empirical results lend support to the Heckscher-Ohlin explanation of trade, namely that relative factor endowments motivate cross-border trade. Results also show that tariffs are not always binding and bilateral free-trade agreements more often divert rather than create trade." Copyright (c) 2009 The Agricultural Economics Society. No claim to original US government works.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas L. Vollrath & Mark J. Gehlhar & Charles B. Hallahan, 2009. "Bilateral Import Protection, Free Trade Agreements, and Other Factors Influencing Trade Flows in Agriculture and Clothing," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 298-317.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jageco:v:60:y:2009:i:2:p:298-317
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Grant, Jason H. & Vollrath, Thomas L., 2010. "The New Wave Of Regionalism: Does Outsider/Insider Status Affect The Competitiveness Of U.S. Agricultural Exports?," 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado 61144, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Jason H. Grant & Kathryn A. Boys, 2012. "Agricultural Trade and the GATT/WTO: Does Membership Make a Difference?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 94(1), pages 1-24.
    3. Sadequl ISLAM, 2011. "The Economic Effects On Nafta Of Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Agreements," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
    4. Grant, Jason H., 2010. "The Latest Wave of Regionalism: Does Outsider Status Affect the Competitiveness of U.S. and Canadian Agricultural Exports?," Working Papers 90888, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
    5. Philippidis, G. & Resano, H. & Sanjuán, A.I., 2014. "Shifting Armington trade preferences: A re-examination of the Mercosur–EU negotiations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 21-32.
    6. Vollrath, Thomas L. & Hallahan, Charles B., 2009. "Economic costs and payoffs of bilateral/regional trade agreements," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49375, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    7. Vollrath, Thomas L. & Hallahan, Charles B., 2011. "Reciprocal Trade Agreements: Impacts on Bilateral Trade Expansion and Contraction in the World Agricultural Marketplace," Economic Research Report 102755, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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