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Economic costs and payoffs of bilateral/regional trade agreements


  • Vollrath, Thomas L.
  • Hallahan, Charles B.


The rapid increase in the number of bilateral and regional free-trade agreements since 1995 is a striking development. The proliferation of these agreements has raised questions among academicians and policymakers about whether they have, in fact, opened markets, created trade, promoted economic growth, and/or distorted trade. This study uses panel data from the 1975-2005 period and the gravity framework to identify the influence of bilateral/regional free-trade agreements on bilateral trade in merchandise, agriculture, and clothing sectors. A benchmark, Heckman sample-selection, and two generalized models, one of which accounts for reciprocal-free-trade-agreement phase-in effects, are used to gauge the impact on partner trade of mutual as well as asymmetric RTA membership.

Suggested Citation

  • Vollrath, Thomas L. & Hallahan, Charles B., 2009. "Economic costs and payoffs of bilateral/regional trade agreements," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49375, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea09:49375

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    trade policy; bilateral; regional; missing trade; gravity models; reciprocal trade agreements; Agricultural and Food Policy;

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