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How serious is the omission of bilateral tariff rates in gravity?

  • Hayakawa, Kazunobu

In this paper, using the worldwide dataset of bilateral tariff rates, we explore how serious the omission of bilateral tariff rates in gravity is. Our findings are as follow. Firstly, the omission of bilateral tariff rates seems not to be so serious in terms of omitted-variable biases because the coefficients for the usual gravity variables do not change before or after their inclusion. Secondly, while the widely-used dummy variable of regional trade agreement could not play an alternative role in place of tariff rates, the inclusion of time-invariant pair fixed effects in addition to the time-variant importer fixed effects and exporter fixed effects accounts for the omission of tariff rates. The inclusion of those fixed effects makes the coefficient for bilateral tariff rates insignificant.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1095/1/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.311_hayakawa.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 311.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 311. 2011.10
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper311
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