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The Economic Effects On Nafta Of Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Agreements

Author

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  • Sadequl ISLAM

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of a bilateral free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union and the effects of a free trade agreement between the European Union and NAFTA on various trade related variables in NAFTA countries, the European Union , and other countries. The paper primarily relies on the Global Trade Analysis Project(GTAP) model and database, version 7. Two policy experiments are considered : 1) Elimination of all tariffs and export subsidies for all goods and services involving Canada and the European Union; and 2) Elimination of all tariffs and export subsidies for all goods and services involving NAFTA countries and the European Union. The main findings are : 1) A Canada-EU free trade deal will increase the economic welfare in Canada and the European Union with adverse effects on other regions, notably the United States and 2) a NAFTA-EU free trade agreement will increase the economic welfare of the United States and the European Union but reduce that of Canada, Mexico and other regions notably, China.

Suggested Citation

  • Sadequl ISLAM, 2011. "The Economic Effects On Nafta Of Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Agreements," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:eaa:aeinde:v:11:y:2011:i:1_7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John Whalley, 1998. "Why Do Countries Seek Regional Trade Agreements?," NBER Chapters,in: The Regionalization of the World Economy, pages 63-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Thomas L. Vollrath & Mark J. Gehlhar & Charles B. Hallahan, 2009. "Bilateral Import Protection, Free Trade Agreements, and Other Factors Influencing Trade Flows in Agriculture and Clothing," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 298-317.
    3. Fabienne Femenia & Alexandre Gohin, 2009. "On the European Responsibility in the Agricultural Multilateral Trade Negotiations: Modelling the Impacts of the Common Agricultural Policy," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(10), pages 1434-1460, October.
    4. Jayant Menon, 2009. "Dealing with the Proliferation of Bilateral Free Trade Agreements," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(10), pages 1381-1407, October.
    5. Ibarra-Yunez, Alejandro, 2003. "Spaghetti regionalism or strategic foreign trade: some evidence for Mexico," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 567-584, December.
    6. Nathan S. Balke & Robert J. Gordon, 1986. "The Estimation of Prewar GNP Volatility, 1869-1938," NBER Working Papers 1999, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Lee, Hiro & Owen, Robert F. & van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 2009. "Regional integration in Asia and its effects on the EU and North America," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 240-254, May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    NAFTA; European Union; General equilibrium; free trade agreements;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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