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Agricultural extension policy in Australia: the good, the bad, and the misguided


  • Marsh, Sally P.
  • Pannell, David J.


In most states of Australia, agricultural extension policies and practices have increasingly been based on considerations of private/public goods, user pays and cost recovery. In addition, the delivery of extension has been strongly influenced by changing administrative structures and a change in the paradigm within which the extension community operates. These changes have had major impacts, including more extension being delivered by the private sector. There are positive aspects to the changes and, for some issues, they are appropriate. However, we have a number of reservations, particularly about the effectiveness of current extension systems in assisting the adoption of complex environmental and farming system technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Marsh, Sally P. & Pannell, David J., 2000. "Agricultural extension policy in Australia: the good, the bad, and the misguided," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 44(4), pages 1-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aareaj:117854

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Feder, Gershon & Just, Richard E & Zilberman, David, 1985. "Adoption of Agricultural Innovations in Developing Countries: A Survey," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(2), pages 255-298, January.
    2. Sinden, Jack A. & King, David A., 1990. "Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures in Manilla Shire, New South Wales," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 58(02,03), pages 1-14, December.
    3. Anderson, Jock R. & Feder, Gershon, 2007. "Agricultural Extension," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Elsevier.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. 232 – Agricultural extension in 10 years
      by David Pannell in Pannell Discussions on 2013-02-22 10:05:03


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    1. Kjesbu, Erland & Flaten, Ola, 2005. "Perceptions and Impacts of FRAM-A: A Norwegian Farm Business Development Programme," 15th Congress, Campinas SP, Brazil, August 14-19, 2005 24294, International Farm Management Association.
    2. Elizabeth H. Petersen & Steven Schilizzi & David Bennett, 2002. "The impacts of greenhouse gas abatement policies on the predominantly grazing systems of South-western Australia," International and Development Economics Working Papers idec02-9, International and Development Economics.
    3. Hunt, Warren & Birch, Colin & Vanclay, Frank & Coutts, Jeff, 2014. "Recommendations arising from an analysis of changes to the Australian agricultural research, development and extension system," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 129-141.
    4. Cock, James & Oberthür, Thomas & Isaacs, Camilo & Läderach, Peter Roman & Palma, Alberto & Carbonell, Javier & Victoria, Jorge & Watts, Geoff & Amaya, Alvaro & Collet, Laure & Lema, Germán & Anderson,, 2011. "Crop management based on field observations: Case studies in sugarcane and coffee," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(9), pages 755-769.
    5. Productivity Commission, 2009. "Government Drought Support," Inquiry Reports, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia, number 46.
    6. Mullen, John D. & Vernon, Don & Fishpool, Ken I., 2000. "Agricultural extension policy in Australia: public funding and market failure," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 44(4), pages 1-17.
    7. Hochman, Z. & Carberry, P.S., 2011. "Emerging consensus on desirable characteristics of tools to support farmers' management of climate risk in Australia," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 104(6), pages 441-450, July.
    8. Liverpool-Tasie, Lenis Saweda O., 2014. "Farmer groups and input access: When membership is not enough," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 37-49.
    9. Gyles, Oliver, 2001. "Water Use Efficiency at the Farm and Regional Level: The Economics of Response and the Furphy of Excellence," 2001 Conference (45th), January 23-25, 2001, Adelaide, Australia 125647, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    10. Pannell, David J., 2001. "Dryland salinity: economic, scientific, social and policy dimensions," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 45(4), pages 1-30.
    11. Pannell, David J., 2001. "Dryland Salinity: Inevitable, Inequitable, Intractable?," 2001 Conference (45th), January 23-25, 2001, Adelaide, Australia 125811, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    12. Vaughan Higgins, 2006. "Re-Figuring the Problem of Farmer Agency in Agri-Food Studies: A Translation Approach," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 23(1), pages 51-62, March.
    13. repec:bla:canjag:v:66:y:2018:i:2:p:331-353 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Malcolm, Bill & Paine, Mark, 2007. "Social benefit cost analysis of Dairy Moving Forward extension activity," AFBM Journal, Australasian Farm Business Management Network, vol. 4(1-2), pages 1-10.
    15. Wheeler, Sarah Ann, 2008. "What influences agricultural professionals' views towards organic agriculture?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 145-154, March.
    16. Ross Kingwell & Michele John & Michael Robertson, 2008. "A review of a community-based approach to combating land degradation: dryland salinity management in Australia," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 10(6), pages 899-912, December.


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