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Adoption Of Double-Cropping Soybeans And Wheat


  • Shapiro, Barry Ira
  • Brorsen, B. Wade
  • Doster, D. Howard


Double-cropping of soybeans and wheat is often promoted by extension personnel. This paper seeks to explain how the decision to adopt double-cropping is made, using a Tobit regression model. Tobit makes use of more of the information in the data set than do logit or probit and explains not only the decision to double-crop but also the rate of adoption. The paper considers factors such as profit and risk perceptions and risk which have not been included in the past models used to explain adoption of technology. The results show that risk perception is important. Contrary to the findings of some other adoption studies, this decision is not influenced by human capital factors. The farmers who double-crop are more highly leveraged and appear to do so both to achieve higher income and as part of a risk diversification strategy. This is consistent with the importance of the location factor, measured as the average number of growing degree days at the farm's location. Growing degree days is a proxy for the actual distribution of returns from double-cropping and is the main factor explaining this decision. Extensive adoption of double-cropping in cooler regions of the Midwest must await technological advances that can increase the profitability of double-cropping by reducing the growing season for wheat and/or beans.

Suggested Citation

  • Shapiro, Barry Ira & Brorsen, B. Wade & Doster, D. Howard, 1992. "Adoption Of Double-Cropping Soybeans And Wheat," Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 24(02), December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sojoae:29630

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ahouissoussi, Nicolas B. C. & McIntosh, Christopher S. & Wetzstein, Michael E., 1995. "Rational Expectations Estimation of Georgia Soybean Acreage Response," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(02), pages 500-509, December.
    2. Maart, Syster Christin & Musshoff, Oliver & Ewald, Jorn, 2012. "Ermittlung Der Individuellen Risikoeinstellung: Vergleich Verschiedener Methoden Und Personengruppen," 52nd Annual Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, September 26-28, 2012 137384, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    3. Marra, Michele & Pannell, David J. & Abadi Ghadim, Amir, 2003. "The economics of risk, uncertainty and learning in the adoption of new agricultural technologies: where are we on the learning curve?," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 75(2-3), pages 215-234.
    4. Yigezu A. Yigezu & John H. Sanders, 2008. "Introducing New Technologies And Marketing Strategies For Households With Malnutrition: An Ethiopian Case Study," Working Papers 08-05, Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    5. Haneishi, Yusuke & Maruyama, Atsushi & Takagaki, Michiko & Kikuchi, Masao, 2014. "Farmers’ risk attitudes to influence the productivity and planting decision: A case of rice and maize cultivation in rural Uganda," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 9(4), December.
    6. Dhakal, Bhubaneswor & Bigsby, Hugh R. & Cullen, Ross, 2008. "Determinants of Forestry Investment and Extent of Forestry Expansion by Smallholders in New Zealand," Review of Applied Economics, Review of Applied Economics, vol. 4(1-2).
    7. Rodgers, Aaron D. & Harri, Ardian & Morgan, Kimberly & Tack, Jesse & Hood, Ken & Coble, Keith, 2014. "Determining Willingness to Adopt Mechanical Harvesters among Southeastern Blueberry Producers," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162529, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    8. Bacic, Ivan Luiz Zilli & Bregt, Arnold K. & Rossiter, David G., 2006. "A participatory approach for integrating risk assessment into rural decision-making: A case study in Santa Catarina, Brazil," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 229-244, February.
    9. Rico García-Amado, Luis & Ruiz Pérez, Manuel & Dahringer, Guillaume & Reyes Escutia, Felipe & Barrasa García, Sara & Contreras Mejía, Elsa, 2013. "From wild harvesting to agroforest cultivation: A Chamaedorea palm case study from Chiapas, Mexico," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 44-51.
    10. Canales, Elizabeth & Bergtold, Jason S. & Williams, Jeffery & Peterson, Jeffrey, 2015. "Estimating farmers’ risk attitudes and risk premiums for the adoption of conservation practices under different contractual arrangements: A stated choice experiment," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205640, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    11. Duke, Jason C. & Epplin, Francis M. & Vitale, Jeffrey D. & Peeper, Thomas F., 2009. "Canola-Wheat Rotation versus Continuous Wheat for the Southern Plains," 2009 Annual Meeting, January 31-February 3, 2009, Atlanta, Georgia 46620, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    12. Pannell, David J., 1999. "Uncertainty and Adoption of Sustainable Farming Systems," 1999 Conference (43th), January 20-22, 1999, Christchurch, New Zealand 124511, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    13. Vergara, Oscar & Coble, Keith H. & Hudson, Darren & Knight, Thomas O. & Patrick, George F. & Baquet, Alan E., 2005. "Target Markets for Grain and Cotton Marketing Consultants and Market Information Systems," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 30(01), April.
    14. Mounirou, Ichaou, 2015. "Perception and adoption of agricultural technical innovations in the cotton basin of Banikoara in Benin," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 10(2), June.
    15. Duke, Jason C. & Epplin, Francis M. & Vitale, Jeffrey D. & Peel, Derrell S., 2011. "Forage plus Grain Wheat versus Grain-Only Wheat," Journal of the ASFMRA, American Society of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers.
    16. Ramsey, Steven M. & Bergtold, Jason S. & Canales, Elizabeth & Williams, Jeff R., 2016. "Farmers’ Risk Perceptions of Intensified Conservation Practices On-Farm," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 236276, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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