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Agricultural Transformation and Farmers' Expectations: Experimental Evidence from Uganda

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  • Bonan, Jacopo
  • Kazianga, Harounan
  • Mendola, Mariapia

Abstract

Why adoption rate of potentially profitable agricultural technologies in Africa remains low is still puzzling. This paper uses a randomized control trial to study Ugandan subsistence smallholders' decisions to adopt cash crops. A unique way of eliciting farmers price and yield expectations allows us to investigate the role of farmers' ex-ante beliefs about crop profitability on adoption decisions. We find that the provision of extension services increases oilseeds adoption by 15%, and farmers who under-estimate oilseeds price at baseline are the most likely to adopt the new crops. The results suggest that changes in expectations drive agricultural technology take-up.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonan, Jacopo & Kazianga, Harounan & Mendola, Mariapia, 2020. "Agricultural Transformation and Farmers' Expectations: Experimental Evidence from Uganda," GLO Discussion Paper Series 456, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:456
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    Keywords

    Technology Adoption; Commercial Farming; Randomized Controlled Trial; Uganda;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services

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