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The mechanisms of spatial mismatch

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  • Gobillon, Laurent
  • Selod, Harris
  • Zenou, Yves

Abstract

The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis (SMH) argues that low-skilled minorities residing in U.S. inner cities experience poor labour-market outcomes because they are disconnected from suburban job opportunities. This assumption gave rise to an abundant empirical literature, which confirmed this hypothesis. Surprisingly, however, it is only recently that theoretical models have emerged, which probably explains why the mechanisms of spatial mismatch have long remained unclear and not properly tested. In this survey, we present relevant facts, review the theoretical models of spatial mismatch, confront their predictions with available empirical results, and indicate which mechanisms deserve further empirical tests.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 5346.

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Date of creation: Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5346

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Keywords: discrimination; ghettos; segregation; urban unemployment;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Zenou, Yves, 2008. "Social Interactions and Labor Market Outcomes in Cities," Working Paper Series 755, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Åslund, Olof & Östh, John & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "How Important is Access to Jobs? Old Question - Improved Answer," Working Paper Series 661, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  3. P. Givord & R. Rathelot & P. Sillard, 2011. "Place-based tax exemptions and displacement effects: An evaluation of the Zones Franches Urbaines program," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2011-13, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  4. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2012. "Driving Up Wages: The Effects of Road Construction in Great Britain," SERC Discussion Papers 0120, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  5. Zenou, Yves, 2011. "Spatial versus Social Mismatch: The Strength of Weak Ties," CEPR Discussion Papers 8244, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Judith K. Hellerstein & David Neumark, 2011. "Employment in Black Urban Labor Markets: Problems and Solutions," NBER Working Papers 16986, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Steve Gibbons & Anna Vignoles, 2009. "Access, Choice and Participation in Higher Education," CEE Discussion Papers 0101, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  8. Schrecker, Ted, 2007. "Intra-metropolitan health disparities in Canada: Studying how and why globalization matters, and what to do about it," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt3z7544g1, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
  9. Zenou, Yves, 2007. "Search in Cities," CEPR Discussion Papers 6197, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. repec:cen:wpaper:11-30 is not listed on IDEAS

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