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The Effects of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment : Evidence from France

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  • Laurent Gobillon

    (Crest)

  • Harris Selod

    (Crest)

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate how residential segregation and bad physical access to jobs contribute to urbanunemployment in the Paris region. We first survey the general mechanisms according to which residential segregationand spatial mismatch can have adverse labor-market outcomes. We then discuss the extent of the problem with the helpof relevant descriptive statistics computed from the 1999 Census of the Population and from the 2000 GeneralTransport Survey. Finally, we estimate the effect of indices of segregation computed at the neighborhood andmunicipality levels, as well as job accessibility indices on the labor-market transitions out of unemployment using the1990-2002 Labor Force Survey. Our results show that neighborhood segregation is a key factor that preventsunemployed workers from finding a job. These results are robust to potential location endogeneity biases.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2007-04.

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Length: 54
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2007-04

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Zenou, Yves, 2009. "Urban search models under high-relocation costs. Theory and application to spatial mismatch," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 534-546, October.
  2. David Neumark & Helen Simpson, 2014. "Place-Based Policies," NBER Working Papers 20049, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Judith K. Hellerstein & David Neumark, 2011. "Employment in Black Urban Labor Markets: Problems and Solutions," NBER Working Papers 16986, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Laurent Gobillon & Thierry Magnac & Harris Selod, 2011. "The effect of location on finding a job in the Paris region," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(7), pages 1079-1112, November.
  5. Martin Koning, 2010. "The Social Cost of Road Congestion in Ile-de-France Region (and France): Empirical Evidences from the Paris Ring-Road," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00467888, HAL.
  6. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Decreuse, Bruno & Laouénan, Morgane & Trannoy, Alain, 2014. "Customer Discrimination and Employment Outcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 8150, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Greater Paris Area," IZA Discussion Papers 2848, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Zenou, Yves, 2007. "High Relocation Costs in Search-Matching Models: Theory and Application to Spatial Mismatch," IZA Discussion Papers 2739, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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