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Spatial versus social mismatch

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  • Zenou, Yves

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based on social interactions, explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative impact on workers’ labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities. Building on Granovetter’s idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers who live far away from jobs choose to have less connections to weak ties. Because of the lack of good public transportation in the US, it is costly (both in terms of time and money) to commute to business centers to meet other types of people who can provide other source of information about jobs. If distant minority workers mainly rely on their strong ties, who are more likely to be unemployed, there is then little chance for them of escaping unemployment. It is therefore the separation in both the social and physical space that prevents ethnic minorities from finding a job.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 74 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 113-132

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:74:y:2013:i:c:p:113-132

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

Related research

Keywords: Weak ties; Spatial mismatch; Social networks; Land rent;

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Cited by:
  1. Olivetti, Claudia & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2013. "Mothers, Friends and Gender Identity," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9712, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "Job accessibility, employment and job-education mismatch in the metropolitan area of Barcelona," Working Papers, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP) XREAP2014-05, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised May 2014.
  3. Hawranek, Franziska & Schanne, Norbert, 2014. "Your very private job agency : job referrals based on residential location networks," IAB Discussion Paper 201401, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  4. Helsley, Robert W. & Zenou, Yves, 2011. "Social Networks and Interactions in Cities," IZA Discussion Papers 5506, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Yasuhiro Sato & Yves Zenou, 2013. "How Urbanization Affect Employment and Social Interactions," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 13-32, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  6. Camille Hémet, 2013. "Birds of a feather cannot always flock together: Essays on the socio-economic impacts of local diversity," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0, Sciences Po.
  7. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0qcro9oj5ak8gr4 is not listed on IDEAS

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