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Ethnic Networks and Employment Outcomes

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  • Eleonora Patacchini

    ()
    (Universita di Roma "La Sapienza", EIEF and CEPR)

  • Yves Zenou

    ()
    (Stockholm University)

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between residential proximity of individuals from the same ethnic group and the probability of finding a job through social networks, relative to other search methods. Using individual-level data from the UK Labour Force survey and spatial statistics techniques, we find that (i) the higher is the percentage of a given ethnic group living nearby, the higher is the probability of finding a job through social contacts; (ii) this effect decays very rapidly with distance. The magnitude, statistical significance and spatial decay of such an effect differ depending on the ethnic group considered. We provide an interpretation of our findings using the network model of Calvó-Armengol and Jackson (2004).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London in its series CReAM Discussion Paper Series with number 1202.

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Date of creation: Jan 2012
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Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1202

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Keywords: Ethnic minorities; population density; social interactions; weak and strong ties; spatial statistics.;

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