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Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

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Author Info

  • Bisin, Alberto

    ()
    (New York University)

  • Patacchini, Eleonora

    ()
    (La Sapienza University of Rome, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) and CEPR.)

  • Verdier, Thierry

    ()
    (Paris School of Economics (PSE) and CEPR)

  • Zenou, Yves

    ()
    (Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University)

Abstract

We study the relationship between ethnic identity and labor-market outcomes of non-EU immigrants in Europe. Using the European Social Survey, we find that there is a penalty to be paid for immigrants with a strong identity. Being a first generation immigrant leads to a penalty of about 17 percent while second-generation immigrants have a probability of being employed that is not statistically different from that of natives. However, when they have a strong identity, second-generation immigrants have a lower chance of finding a job than natives. Our analysis also reveals that the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects may depend on the type of integration and labor-market policies implemented in the country where the immigrant lives. More flexible labor markets help immigrants to access the labor market but do not protect those who have a strong ethnic identity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm University, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2011:2.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 18 Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2011_0002

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Keywords: First and second-generation immigrants; assimilation; integration policies;

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  1. Nekby, Lena & Rödin, Magnus, 2010. "Acculturation identity and employment among second and middle generation immigrants," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 35-50, February.
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  17. Bisin, Alberto & Patacchini, Eleonora & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2011. "Formation and persistence of oppositional identities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1046-1071.
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  1. Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2011-10-17 13:03:58
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