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Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe

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Author Info

  • Alberto Bisin

    ()
    (New York University)

  • Eleonora Patacchini

    ()
    (La Sapienza University of Rome, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) and CEPR)

  • Thierry Verdier

    ()
    (Paris School of Economics (PSE) and CEPR)

  • Yves Zenou

    ()
    (Stockholm University, Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), CEPR, IZA and CREAM)

Abstract

We study the relationship between ethnic identity and labor-market outcomes of non-EU immigrants in Europe. Using the European Social Survey, we find that there is a penalty to be paid for immigrants with a strong identity. Being a first generation immigrant leads to a penalty of about 17 percent while second-generation immigrants have a probability of being employed that is not statistically different from that of natives. However, when they have a strong identity, second-generation immigrants have a lower chance of finding a job than natives. Our analysis also reveals that the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects may depend on the type of integration and labor-market policies implemented in the country where the immigrant lives. More flexible labor markets help immigrants to access the labor market but do not protect those who have a strong ethnic identity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London in its series CReAM Discussion Paper Series with number 1103.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1103

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  1. Alberto Bisin & Eleonora Patacchini & Thierry Verdier & Yves Zenou, 2008. "Are Muslim Immigrants Different in Terms of Cultural Integration?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 6(2-3), pages 445-456, 04-05.
  2. Harminder Battu & Paul Seaman & Yves Zenou, 2010. "Job Contact Networks and the Ethnic Minorities," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1028, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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  6. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "Racial Identity and Education," IZA Discussion Papers 2046, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  21. Bidner, Chris, 2010. "Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, and Well-being, George A. Akerlof, Rachel E. Kranton. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ (2010). 185 and vi pp., $16.47 (hc), ISBN:," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1061-1063, December.
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  1. Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2011-10-17 13:03:58
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