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Language Proficiency and Labour Market Performance of Immigrants in the UK

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  • Dustmann, Christian

    ()
    (University College London)

  • Fabbri, Francesca

    ()
    (Cabinet Office, UK)

Abstract

This paper uses two recent UK surveys to investigate labour market performance, the determinants of language proficiency, and the effect of language on earnings and employment probabilities of non-white immigrants. Our results show that language acquisition, employment probabilities, as well as earnings differ widely across non-white immigrants, according to their ethnic origin. Language has a strong and positive effects on employment probabilities. Furthermore, lack of English fluency leads to substantial earnings losses of immigrants. While earnings of white and ethnic minority natives develop in a similar manner, there is a large earnings gap between these two groups, and ethnic minority immigrants. English fluency contributes considera-bly to reducing these differences. Addressing the problems of measurement error and unobserved heterogeneity in language variables, our results indicate that measurement error in the language variable leads to underestimation of the importance of language for employment probabilities and earnings in straightforward regressions. In comparison with results found for other countries, language proficiency seems to be more important for labour market outcomes of UK immigrants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 156.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: May 2000
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economic Journal, 2003, 113 (489), 695-717
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp156

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Keywords: immigrant workers; Economics of minorities; human capital formation;

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  1. Stephen Nickell, 1979. "A Picture of Male Unemployment in Britain," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 503, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  2. Stewart, Mark B, 1983. "On Least Squares Estimation When the Dependent Variable Is Grouped," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(4), pages 737-53, October.
  3. Hatton, Timothy J. & Wheatley Price, Stephen, 1999. "Migration, Migrants and Policy in the United Kingdom," IZA Discussion Papers 81, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Dustmann, Christian, 1994. "Speaking Fluency, Writing Fluency and Earnings of Migrants," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 905, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Chiswick, Barry R, 1980. "The Earnings of White and Coloured Male Immigrants in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(185), pages 81-87, February.
  6. Michael A Shields & Stephen Wheatley Price, . "The English Language Fluency and Occupational Success of Ethnic Minority Immigrant Men Living in English Metropolitan Areas," Discussion Papers in Public Sector Economics, Department of Economics, University of Leicester 99/4, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  7. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
  8. Blackaby, David H, et al, 1997. "A Picture of Male and Female Unemployment among Britain's Ethnic Minorities," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 44(2), pages 182-97, May.
  9. Lorraine Dearden, 1999. "Qualifications and earnings in Britain: how reliable are conventional OLS estimates of the returns to education?," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W99/07, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  10. Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul W, 1995. "The Endogeneity between Language and Earnings: International Analyses," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 246-88, April.
  11. Eckstein, Z. & Weiss, Y., 1999. "The Integration of Immigrants from the Former Soviet Union in the Israeli Labor Market," Papers, Tel Aviv 33-99, Tel Aviv.
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