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Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey

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  • Antonio Di Paolo

    ()
    (Department of Econometrics, University of Barcelona)

  • Aysit Tansel

    ()
    (Department of Economics, METU)

Abstract

Foreign language skills represent a form of human capital that can be rewarded in the labor market. Drawing on data from the Adult Education Survey of 2007, this is the first study estimating returns to foreign language skills in Turkey. We contribute to the literature on the economic value of language knowledge, with a special focus on a country characterized by fast economic and social development. Although English is the most widely spoken foreign language in Turkey, we initially consider the economic value of different foreign languages among the employed males aged 25 to 65. We find positive and significant returns to proficiency in English and Russian, which increase with the level of competence. Knowledge of French and German also appears to be positively rewarded in the Turkish labor market, although their economic value seems mostly linked to an increased likelihood to hold specific occupations rather than increased earnings within occupations. Focusing on English, we also explore the heterogeneity in returns to different levels of proficiency by frequency of English use at work, birth-cohort, education, occupation and rural/urban location. The results are also robust to the endogenous specification of English language skills.

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File URL: http://www.erc.metu.edu.tr/menu/series13/1311.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University in its series ERC Working Papers with number 1311.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision: Nov 2013
Handle: RePEc:met:wpaper:1311

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Keywords: Foreign Languages; Returns to Skills; Heterogeneity; Turkey;

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Cited by:
  1. Aysit Tansel, 2013. "Supplementary Education in Turkey: Recent Developments and Future Prospectss," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1319, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.

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