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The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000

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  • David Albouy

Abstract

The wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 25 percentage points within Quebec, but only by 10 points Canada-wide, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Anglophones. Accordingly, the Canadian measure of the Francophone wage gap better reflects the changing welfare of Francophones than the Quebec measure. Over half of the reduction in the Canadian Francophone wage gap is explained by rising Francophone education levels. In Quebec, the declining number and relative wages of Anglophone workers is best explained by a falling demand for English-speaking labour.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14203.

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Date of creation: Jul 2008
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Publication status: published as Albouy, David Y. "The Wage Gap between Francophones and Anglophones: A Canadian Perspective, 1970 to 2000" Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 41, No. 4, November 2008, pp. 1211-1238.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14203

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  1. repec:fth:ottawa:0002e is not listed on IDEAS
  2. David Card & Thomas Lemieux, 1993. "Wage Dispersion, Returns to Skill, and Black-White Wage Differentials," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 691, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  3. Coulombe, S., 2000. "New Evidence of Convergence Across Canadian Provinces: the Role of Urbanization," Working Papers, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics 0002e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  4. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  5. Emmanuel Saez & Michael R. Veall, 2005. "The Evolution of High Incomes in Northern America: Lessons from Canadian Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 831-849, June.
  6. Tirtiroglu, Dogan & Bhabra, Harjeet S. & Lel, Ugur, 2004. "Political uncertainty and asset valuation: Evidence from business relocations in Canada," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(9), pages 2237-2258, September.
  7. Francois Vaillancourt & Dominique Lemay & Luc Vaillancourt, 2007. "Laggards No More: The Changed Socioeconomic Status of Francophones in Quebec," C.D. Howe Institute Backgrounder, C.D. Howe Institute, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 103, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2010. "Why is Immigrants’ Access to Employment lower in Montreal than in Toronto?," Working Papers, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics 1005E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  2. Jain, Tarun, 2011. "Common tongue: The impact of language on economic performance," MPRA Paper 34423, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Christofides, Louis N. & Swidinsky, Robert, 2008. "The Economic Returns to a Second Official Language: English in Quebec and French in the Rest-of-Canada," IZA Discussion Papers 3551, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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