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Listening to What the World Says: Bilingualism and Earnings in the United States

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Author Info

  • Albert Saiz

    (University of Pennsylvania, The Wharton School)

  • Elena Zoido

    (LECG Europe)

Abstract

Is there a shortage of critical foreign language skills in the United States? Recent concerns about national security and economic globalization suggest increased demand and wage premia for foreign language speakers. The use of English as the international language, however, suggests a decrease in demand for foreign language skills in the United States. To address this question, we study a representative sample of U.S. college graduates. Ordinary least squares regressions with controls for cognitive ability, nonparametric methods based on the propensity score, and panel data methods suggest a 2%-3% wage premium for college graduates who can speak a second language. © 2005 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 87 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 523-538

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:87:y:2005:i:3:p:523-538

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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Cited by:
  1. Brindusa Anghel & Antonio Cabrales & Jesús M. Carro, 2012. "Evaluating a bilingual education program in Spain: the impact beyond foreign language learning," Economics Working Papers we1214, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Kevin Lang & Erez Siniver, 2006. "The Return To English In A Non-English Speaking Country: Russian Immigrants And Native Israelis In Israel," Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series dp-159, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  3. Antonio Di Paolo & Aysit Tansel, 2013. "Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey," Working Papers XREAP2013-07, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2013.
  4. Azam, Mehtabul & Chin, Aimee & Prakash, Nishith, 2010. "The Returns to English-Language Skills in India," IZA Discussion Papers 4802, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Pope, Devin G., 2008. "Benefits of bilingualism: Evidence from Mormon missionaries," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 234-242, April.
  6. Tobias Stoehr, 2013. "The Returns to Occupational Foreign Language Use: Evidence from Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1880, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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