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How Important is Access to Jobs? Old Question - Improved Answer

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  • Åslund, Olof

    ()
    (IFAU, Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

  • Östh, John

    ()
    (Uppsala University)

  • Zenou, Yves

    ()
    (The Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

Abstract

We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990-91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990-91 is associ­ated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 661.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 14 Feb 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0661

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Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
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Keywords: Spatial Mismatch; Endogenous Location; Natural Experiment;

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