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Spatial Mismatch: From the Hypothesis to the Theories

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  • Gobillon, Laurent

    ()
    (INED, France)

  • Selod, Harris

    ()
    (Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Zenou, Yves

    ()
    (Stockholm University)

Abstract

Since the 1950s, there has been a steady decentralization of entry-level jobs towards the suburbs of American cities, while racial minorities —and particularly blacks— have remained in city centers. In this context, the spatial mismatch hypothesis argues that because the residential locations of minorities are disconnected from suburban job opportunities, lowskilled minorities residing in inner cities face adverse labor market outcomes. However, the reason why distance to jobs may be harmful to minorities has long remained unclear while the abundant but essentially empirical literature on spatial mismatch has led to much controversy. The present work presents the main stylized facts associated with spatial mismatch and reviews the main theoretical models that started to emerge in the late 1990s.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 693.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch ' in: Urban Studies, 2007, 44 (12), 2401-2427
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp693

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Keywords: urban unemployment; ghettos; segregation; discrimination;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Harris Selod & Yves Zenou, 2004. "City Structure, Job Search and Labor Discrimination. Theory and Policy Implications," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2004-13, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  2. Smith, Tony E. & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Spatial mismatch, search effort, and urban spatial structure," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 129-156, July.
  3. Selod, Harris & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Does City Structure Affect the Labor Market Outcomes of Black Workers?," IZA Discussion Papers 928, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Alois Stutzer & Bruno S. Frey, . "Stress That Doesn't Pay: The Commuting Paradox," IEW - Working Papers, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich 151, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  5. Francois Des Rosiers & Marius Theriault & Catherine Lavoie, 2009. "Retail Concentration and Shopping Center Rents - A Comparison of Two Cities," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, American Real Estate Society, vol. 31(2), pages 165-208.
  6. Elisabeth Tovar, 2008. "Quel périmètre pour la différenciation sociale de l’espace urbain ? Une proposition capabiliste," Documents de recherche, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne 08-17, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  7. Heisz, Andrew & Larochelle-Cote, Sebastien, 2005. "Work and Commuting in Census Metropolitan Areas, 1996 to 2001," Trends and Conditions in Census Metropolitan Areas, Statistics Canada, Social Analysis and Modelling 2005007e, Statistics Canada, Social Analysis and Modelling.
  8. Heisz, Andrew & Larochelle-Cote, Sebastien, 2005. "Le travail et le navettage dans les regions metropolitaines de recensement, 1996 a 2001," Tendances et conditions dans les regions metropolitaines de recensement 2005007f, Statistics Canada, Analyse sociale et de la modelisation.
  9. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Mismatch, Transport Mode and Search Decisions in England," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3968, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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