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The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region

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  • Laurent Gobillon

    (Crest)

  • Thierry Magnac

    (Crest)

  • Harris Selod

    (Crest)

Abstract

There are large spatial disparities in unemployment durations across the 1,300 municipalities in the Paris region (Ile-de-France). In order to characterize these imbalances, we estimate a proportional hazard model stratified by municipalityon an exhaustive dataset of all unemployment spells starting in the first semester of 1996. This model allows us torecover a survival function for each municipality that is purged of individual observed heterogeneity. We show thatonly 30% of the disparities in the survival rates relate to observed individual variables. Nearly 70% of the remainingdisparities are captured by local indicators, mainly segregation indices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2007-05.

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Length: 43
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2007-05

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  1. Smith, Tony E. & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Spatial mismatch, search effort, and urban spatial structure," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 129-156, July.
  2. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "Search activities, cost of living and local labor markets," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 227-248, March.
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  7. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Search Intensity, Cost of Living and Local Labor Markets in Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 772, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "The Effects of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment : Evidence from France," Working Papers 2007-04, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  9. Stoll, Michael A., 1999. "Spatial Job Search, Spatial Mismatch, and the Employment and Wages of Racial and Ethnic Groups in Los Angeles," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 129-155, July.
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  15. Ihlanfeldt Keith R., 1993. "Intra-urban Job Accessibility and Hispanic Youth Employment Rates," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 254-271, March.
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  18. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2000. "Black Residential Centralization and the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 110-134, July.
  19. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 1997. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities within Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 218-242, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Fredrik Andersson & John Haltiwanger & Mark Kutzbach & Henry Pollakowski & Daniel Weinberg, 2011. "Job Displacement And The Duration Of Joblessness: The Role Of Spatial Mismatch," Working Papers 11-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, revised Apr 2014.
  2. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2010. "Do unemployed workers benefit from enterprise zones? The French experience," TSE Working Papers 10-201, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  3. Pauline Givord & Roland Rathelot & Patrick Sillard, 2011. "Place-based Tax Exemptions and Displacement Effects : An Evaluation of the Zones Franches Urbaines Program," Working Papers 2011-19, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  4. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
  5. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
  6. Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2008. "Les zones urbaines sensibles en Ile-de-France : Typologie des tensions territoriales," Documents de recherche 08-10, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  7. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2012. "Driving Up Wages: The Effects of Road Construction in Great Britain," SERC Discussion Papers 0120, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  8. Pierre-Philippe COMBES & Bruno DECREUSE & Morgane LAOUENAN & Alain TRANNOY, 2013. "Customer Discrimination and Employment OUtcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013016, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  9. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
  10. Gobillon, Laurent & Milcent, Carine, 2013. "Evaluating the effect of ownership status on hospital quality: the key role of innovative procedures," CEPR Discussion Papers 9272, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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