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Search Intensity, Cost of Living and Local Labor Markets in Britain

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  • Patacchini, Eleonora

    ()
    (Syracuse University)

  • Zenou, Yves

    ()
    (Stockholm University)

Abstract

A model is considered in which optimal search intensity is a result of a tradeoff between short-run losses due to higher search costs (more interviews, commuting…) and long-run gains due to a higher chance of finding a job. We show that this optimal search intensity is higher in areas characterized by larger cost of living and/or higher labor market tightness. We then test this model using county-level data in England for the period 1991-2000. As predicted by the theoretical model, both the (county) cost of living and the (county) labor market tightness are found to have a positive and significant effect on the (county) search intensity. We also find positive spatial correlation between counties (i.e. clustering of counties with similar level of search intensity) and strong spatial spillover effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 772.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: May 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2006, 36(2), 227-248
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp772

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Related research

Keywords: job matching; search intensities; dynamic panel data; GMM estimation; spatial correlation; measurement errors;

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References

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  1. Burgess, Simon & Profit, Stefan, 1998. "Externalities in the Matching of Workers and Firms in Britain," CEPR Discussion Papers 1854, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Burda, Michael C. & Profit, Stefan, 1996. "Matching across space: Evidence on mobility in the Czech Republic," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 255-278, October.
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  14. Coulson, N Edward & Laing, Derek & Wang, Ping, 2001. "Spatial Mismatch in Search Equilibrium," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(4), pages 949-72, October.
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  17. Sato, Yasuhiro, 2001. "Labor Heterogeneity in an Urban Labor Market," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 313-337, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sabrina Di Addario, 2005. "Job Search in Thick Markets: Evidence from Italy," 2005 Meeting Papers 758, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Eva, MORENO-GALBIS & Henri R., SNEESSENS, 2004. "Low-Skilled Unemployment, Capital-Skill Complementarity and Embodied Technical Progress," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2004025, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region," IDEI Working Papers 433, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Mar 2009.
  4. Moreno-Galbis, E., 2006. "Unemployment and endogenous growth with new technologies-skill complementarity," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 364-386, March.
  5. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod & Yves Zenou, 2007. "The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 44(12), pages 2401-2427, November.
  6. Gobillon, Laurent & Selod, Harris, 2007. "The Effect of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment: Evidence from France," CEPR Discussion Papers 6198, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Eva, MORENO-GALBIS, 2004. "Unemployment and Endogenous Growth with Capital-Skill Complementarity," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2004001, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).

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