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The Effect of Location on Finding a Job in the Paris Region

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  • Gobillon, Laurent
  • Magnac, Thierry
  • Selod, Harris

Abstract

There are large spatial disparities in unemployment durations across the 1,300 municipalities in the Paris region (Ile-de-France). In order to characterize these imbalances, we estimate a proportional hazard model stratified by municipalityon an exhaustive dataset of all unemployment spells starting in the first semester of 1996. This model allows us torecover a survival function for each municipality that is purged of individual observed heterogeneity. We show thatonly 30% of the disparities in the survival rates relate to observed individual variables. Nearly 70% of the remainingdisparities are captured by local indicators, mainly segregation indices.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 433.

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Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision: Mar 2009
Publication status: Published in Journal of Applied Econometrics, vol.�26, n°7, 2010, p.�1079-1112.
Handle: RePEc:ide:wpaper:6740

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  1. Patrick Bayer & Stephen Ross & Giorgio Topa, 2005. "Place of Work and Place of Residence: Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 11019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  3. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Search Activities, Cost of Living and Local Labor Markets," Working Paper Series 607, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  4. repec:att:wimass:9127 is not listed on IDEAS
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  6. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2000. "Black Residential Centralization and the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 110-134, July.
  7. Jackson, Matthew O. & Calvo, Antoni, 2002. "Social Networks in Determing Employment and Wages: Patterns, Dynamics, and Inequality," Working Papers 1149, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
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  12. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R., 1997. "Information on the Spatial Distribution of Job Opportunities within Metropolitan Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 218-242, March.
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  17. Ihlanfeldt Keith R., 1993. "Intra-urban Job Accessibility and Hispanic Youth Employment Rates," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 254-271, March.
  18. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2004. "Testing the spatial mismatch hypothesis using inter-city variations in industrial composition," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 505-532, September.
  19. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "The Effects of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment : Evidence from France," Working Papers 2007-04, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
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Cited by:
  1. Fredrik Andersson & John Haltiwanger & Mark Kutzbach & Henry Pollakowski & Daniel Weinberg, 2011. "Job Displacement And The Duration Of Joblessness: The Role Of Spatial Mismatch," Working Papers 11-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, revised Apr 2014.
  2. Gobillon, Laurent & Milcent, Carine, 2012. "Evaluating the Effect of Ownership Status on Hospital Quality: The Key Role of Innovative Procedures," IZA Discussion Papers 7082, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Gobillon, Laurent & Magnac, Thierry & Selod, Harris, 2012. "Do Unemployed Workers Benefit from Enterprise Zones? The French Experience," IZA Discussion Papers 6357, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Decreuse, Bruno & Laouénan, Morgane & Trannoy, Alain, 2014. "Customer Discrimination and Employment Outcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 8150, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Pauline Givord & Roland Rathelot & Patrick Sillard, 2011. "Place-based Tax Exemptions and Displacement Effects : An Evaluation of the Zones Franches Urbaines Program," Working Papers 2011-19, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  6. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
  7. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
  8. Rosa Sanchis-Guarner, 2012. "Driving Up Wages: The Effects of Road Construction in Great Britain," SERC Discussion Papers 0120, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
  9. Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2008. "Les zones urbaines sensibles en Ile-de-France : Typologie des tensions territoriales," Documents de recherche 08-10, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  10. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," TEPP Working Paper 2011-02, TEPP.

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