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Neighborhood effects, public housing and unemployment in France

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  • Florence Goffette-Nagot

    ()
    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

  • Claire Dujardin

    ()
    (CORE - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics - Université Catholique de Louvain)

Abstract

This paper is aimed at examining how individual unemployment is influenced both by location in a deprived neighborhood and public housing. Our identification strategy is twofold. First, we estimate a simultaneous probit model of public housing accommodation, type of neighborhood, and unemployment, thus accounting explicitely for correlation of unobservables between the three behaviors. Second, we take advantage of the situation of the public housing sector in France, which allows us to use public housing accommodation as a powerfuldeterminant of neighborhood choices and to use household's demographic characteristics as exclusion restrictions. Our results show that public housing does not have any direct effect on unemployment. However, living within the 35% more deprived neighborhoods does increase the unemployment probability significantly. As expected, the effect of neighborhood substantially decreases when dealing with the endogeneity of neighborhood and when using public housing as a determinant of neighborhood choice.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00133854.

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Date of creation: Apr 2006
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Publication status: Published - Presented, Neighborhood effects, public housing and unemployment in France, 2006, Lille, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00133854

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Keywords: Neighborhood effects ; public housing ; unemployment ; simultaneous probit models ; simulated maximum likelihood;

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Cited by:
  1. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "The Effects of Segregation and Spatial Mismatch on Unemployment : Evidence from France," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2007-04, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  2. Laurent Gobillon & Harris Selod, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
  3. Bauer, Thomas K. & Fertig, Michael & Vorell, Matthias, 2011. "Neighborhood Effects and Individual Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 6040, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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