# Elsevier

# Economics Letters

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### 1999, Volume 65, Issue 1

**85-89 Optimal debt contracts and the single-crossing condition***by*Faure-Grimaud, Antoine & Mariotti, Thomas**91-96 Discretionary monetary policy with costly inflation***by*Dennis, Richard**97-103 Multiple equilibria and progressive taxation of labor income***by*Guo, Jang-Ting**105-113 Insider trading with correlated signals***by*Jain, Neelam & Mirman, Leonard J.**115-120 Does bank relationship have an economic value?: The effect of main bank failure on client firms***by*Yamori, Nobuyoshi & Murakami, Akinobu**121-129 Do small plants grow faster? Evidence from the Taiwan electronics industry***by*Liu, Jin-Tan & Tsou, Meng-Wen & Hammitt, James K.**131-134 A positive effect of human capital on growth***by*Temple, Jonathan

### 1999, Volume 64, Issue 3

**257-262 A better way to bootstrap pairs***by*Flachaire, Emmanuel**263-269 Predicting multinomial choices using maximum entropy***by*Campbell, Randall C. & Carter Hill, R.**271-275 A theory-consistent system approach for estimating potential output and the NAIRU***by*Apel, Mikael & Jansson, Per**277-278 Quantum economics, uncertainty and the optimal grid size***by*Shubik, Martin**279-283 Potential games: a purely ordinal approach***by*Kukushkin, Nikolai S.**285-289 An intertemporal consumption-leisure model with non-expected utility***by*Koskievic, Jean-Max**291-294 On the likelihood of a prisoners' dilemma in a differentiated duopoly***by*Bernhofen, Daniel M. & Bernhofen, Laura T.**295-300 Statistical inference for two measures of inequality when incomes are correlated***by*Van de gaer, Dirk & Funnell, Nicola & McCarthy, Tom**301-307 Gaussian approximation of expected utility***by*Diamond, Harvey & Gelles, Gregory**309-314 Is the consumption-income ratio stationary? Evidence from panel unit root tests***by*Sarantis, Nicholas & Stewart, Chris**315-318 Contrasting effects of risk on investment in two sectors: evidence from Ireland on real options***by*Driver, Ciaran**319-324 A three-factor search model***by*Frijters, Paul**325-327 Target zones and small realignments***by*Pansard, Fabrice**329-337 A simple model of market liquidity***by*Instefjord, Norvald**339-342 No-arbitrage pricing for life insurance and annuities***by*Carriere, Jacques F.**343-349 Does the composition of wage and payroll taxes matter under Nash bargaining?***by*Koskela, Erkki & Schob, Ronnie**351-355 Testing the convergence hypothesis: a new approach***by*Bairam, Erkin I. & McRae, Shaun D.**357-361 Complementarity between physical and human capital, and speed of convergence***by*Alvarez Albelo, Carmen D.**363-368 The socially optimal locations of three stores with stockouts or limited product selections***by*Braid, Ralph M.

### 1999, Volume 64, Issue 2

**125-131 On the backward induction method***by*Aliprantis, Charalambos D.**133-141 A residual based test for the null hypothesis of cointegration***by*Xiao, Zhijie**143-149 An extension of the maximum score estimator for disequilibrium models***by*Mayer, Walter J.**151-160 A simple nonlinear filter for economic time series analysis***by*Wen, Yi & Zeng, Bing**161-165 Bias in maximum likelihood estimator of disequilibrium and sample selection model with error-ridden observations***by*Takagi, Shingo**167-171 Refining the Carlson-Parkin method***by*Loffler, Gunter**173-180 An observational equivalence among -control policies***by*Kasa, Kenneth**181-185 First price auctions with resale***by*Gupta, Madhurima & Lebrun, Bernard**187-192 The additivity and dummy axioms in the discrete cost sharing model***by*Wang, YunTong**193-196 Irreversible investment and the expected capital stock with stationary uncertainty***by*Mash, Richard**197-202 Currency devaluation, aggregate output, and the long run: an empirical study***by*Upadhyaya, Kamal P.**203-207 Asset prices and the distribution of wealth***by*Sandroni, Alvaro**209-213 Managerial equity ownership and bank performance: entrenchment or size effects?***by*Hirschey, Mark**215-221 Technical change in banking***by*Altunbas, Yener & Goddard, John & Molyneux, Phil**223-231 Endogenous expenditures and student achievement***by*Sander, William**233-239 Estimating the bias due to measurement error in the economic returns to schooling: evidence from the 1990 February Current Population Survey***by*Rodgers III, William M. & Bruhl, Sarah**241-247 Stigma effects of layoffs?: Evidence from German micro-data***by*Grund, Christian**249-255 Specialization and the big push***by*Yamada, Masao

### 1999, Volume 64, Issue 1

**1-12 Examining the first stages of market performance: a test for evolving market efficiency***by*Zalewska-Mitura, Anna & Hall, Stephen G.**13-16 Testing for a break at an unknown change-point: a test with known size in small samples***by*Greene, Clinton A.**17-23 Estimation of combined site-choice and trip-frequency models of recreational demand using choice-based and on-site samples***by*Laitila, Thomas**25-30 Estimation of the SUR Tobit model via the MCECM algorithm***by*Huang, Ho-Chuan (River)**31-36 Time series properties of aggregated AR(1) processes with uniformly distributed coefficients***by*Linden, Mikael**37-41 A panel data analysis: research and development spillover***by*Muller, Werner G. & Nettekoven, Michaela**43-49 Marginal effects in the censored regression model***by*Greene, William**51-56 Dynamic data envelopment analysis: modeling intertemporal behavior of a firm in the presence of productive inefficiencies***by*Nemoto, Jiro & Goto, Mika**57-60 The convergence of fictitious play in 3 x 3 games with strategic complementarities***by*Hahn, Sunku**61-65 Testing the rank of Engel curves with endogenous expenditure***by*Lyssiotou, Panayiota & Pashardes, Panos & Stengos, Thanasis**67-72 Equilibrium price paths in sequential auctions with stochastic supply***by*Jeitschko, Thomas D.**73-80 The effect of barter on the demand for money: an empirical analysis***by*Marvasti, A. & Smyth, David J.**81-85 Regression vs. non-regression models of normal returns: implications for event studies***by*Cable, John & Holland, Kevin**87-98 What is the value of knowing uninformed trades?***by*Yu, Fan**99-105 An economic analysis of child labor***by*Ranjan, Priya**107-115 Quality choice and the Coase problem***by*Chi, Woody Chih-Yi**117-123 Which comes first, jobs or people? An analysis of the recent stylized facts***by*Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S.

### 1999, Volume 63, Issue 3

**245-253 Approximate p-values of predictive tests for structural stability***by*Sen, Amit**255-259 Evidence for optimistic and pessimistic behavior in normal-form games***by*Haruvy, Ernan & Stahl, Dale O. & Wilson, Paul W.**261-267 Bootstrapped White's test for heteroskedasticity in regression models***by*Jeong, Jinook & Lee, Kyoungwoo**269-277 Frequency domain inference for univariate impulse responses***by*Wright, Jonathan H.**279-283 Response surfaces estimates for the Dickey-Fuller unit root test with structural breaks***by*Carrion i Silvestre, Josep Lluis & Sanso i Rossello, Andreu & Artis Ortuno, Manuel**285-294 Estimating the fractionally integrated process in the presence of measurement errors***by*Chong, Terence Tai-leung & Lui, Gilbert Chiu-sing**295-303 A new estimator of the fractionally integrated stochastic volatility model***by*Wright, Jonathan H.**305-312 Bayesian analysis of duration models: an application to Chapter 11 bankruptcy***by*Li, Kai**313-319 On errors in variable biases in estimates of export price elasticities***by*Madsen, Jakob B.**321-326 The large and the small - who exploits whom?***by*Xu, Xiaopeng**327-333 Herding over the career***by*Avery, Christopher N. & Chevalier, Judith A.**335-339 (In)Flexibility and the level of output: a word of caution***by*Eeckhoudt, Louis & Treich, Nicolas**341-349 Efficiency and income redistribution in the single-peaked preferences model with several commodities***by*Amoros, Pablo**351-354 Payoff dependence of comparative statics results on information structure***by*Immordino, Giovanni**355-361 Currency ratios and U.S. underground economic activity***by*Porter, Richard D. & Weinbach, Gretchen C.**363-367 Job satisfaction and preference drift1***by*Groot, Wim & Maassen van den Brink, Henriette**369-375 Consumer switching costs and private information***by*Elder, Erick & To, Ted**377-380 The effects of separability on incentive-based instrument performance***by*Schwabe, Kurt A.

### 1999, Volume 63, Issue 2

**129-132 Consistency of two-step sample selection estimators despite misspecification of distribution***by*Newey, Whitney K.**133-138 On the proper bounds of the Gini correlation***by*Schechtman, E. & Yitzhaki, S.**139-144 Multiple spells in the Prentice-Gloeckler-Meyer likelihood with unobserved heterogeneity***by*Ondrich, Jan & Rhody, Stephen E.**145-150 Time-aggregation effects on the baseline of continuous-time and discrete-time hazard models***by*Hofstede, Frenkel ter & Wedel, Michel**151-158 Convergence of the static estimation toward the long run effects of dynamic panel data models***by*Pirotte, Alain**159-165 Weak exogeneity and long-run and contemporaneous identifying restrictions in VEC models***by*Fisher, Lance A. & Huh, Hyeon-seung**167-173 Endogenous growth and multiplicity due to finite patents' lifetime***by*Laussel, Didier & Nyssen, Jules**175-180 The replacement principle and tree structured preferences***by*Vohra, Rakesh V.**181-185 Know-how disclosure and incomplete contracts***by*Rosenkranz, Stephanie & Schmitz, Patrick W.**187-191 Privatization and surplus labor in the Egyptian textile industry***by*Aly, Hassan Y. & Shields, Michael P.**193-199 Second-best antitrust in general equilibrium: a special case***by*Hansen, Claus Thustrup**201-206 Existence of pure strategy Nash equilibrium in Bertrand-Edgeworth oligopolies***by*Tasnadi, Attila**207-211 Bertrand-Edgeworth equilibria with unobservable output, uncoordinated consumers and large number of firms***by*Chowdhury, Prabal Roy**213-216 Cost minimization and regulation in general equilibrium: an example***by*Brusco, Sandro**217-223 Debreu's decomposition and aggregate demand functions***by*Loffler, Andreas**225-234 Weak separability of non-tradables from consumer good imports: A simple test with evidence from Bangladesh***by*Emran, Shahe & Alam, Imam**235-238 The comparative efficiency of ad valorem and specific taxes under monopoly and monopsony***by*Hamilton, Stephen F.**239-243 Welfare equivalent NNP under distributional objectives***by*Aronsson, Thomas & Lofgren, Karl-Gustaf

### 1999, Volume 63, Issue 1

**1-3 A matrix extension of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality***by*Tripathi, Gautam**5-17 A comparison of the power of some tests for conditional heteroscedasticity***by*Peguin-Feissolle, Anne**19-21 Inconsistency of a proposed nonlinear instrumental variables estimator for probit and logit models with endogenous regressors***by*Dagenais, Marcel G.**23-27 A lag augmentation test for the cointegrating rank of a VAR process***by*Lutkepohl, Helmut & Saikkonen, Pentti**29-32 Non-binary choice functions on non-compact sets***by*Llinares, Juan-Vicente & Sanchez, M. Carmen**33-37 An axiomatic characterization of efficiency indices***by*Christensen, Flemming & Hougaard, Jens Leth & Keiding, Hans**39-44 Total factor productivity measurement and human capital in OECD countries***by*Maudos, Joaquin & Pastor, Jose Manuel & Serrano, Lorenzo**45-53 On evaluating social welfare by sequential generalized Lorenz dominance***by*Ok, Efe A. & Lambert, Peter J.**55-59 Technological change in optimal non-linear pricing***by*Thomas, Lionel**61-65 The supremum argument in the new approach to the existence of equilibrium in vector lattices***by*Khan, M. Ali & Tourky, Rabee & Vohra, Rajiv**67-75 Sunpsots and cycles reconsidered1***by*Chattopadhyay, Subir & Muench, Thomas J.**77-83 Appropriation possibilities in a simple exchange economy***by*Anderton, Charles H.**85-90 Gamblers favor skewness, not risk: Further evidence from United States' lottery games***by*Garrett, Thomas A. & Sobel, Russell S.**91-96 Income uncertainty and the demand for annuities***by*Strawczynski, Michel**97-101 Price level trend-stationarity and the instruments and targets of monetary policy: An empirical note***by*Kugler, Peter**103-109 Compensating wage differentials and the value of life***by*Dobbs, Ian M.**111-118 Technology and the US labor market: Evidence from the sectoral and regional decomposition of the change in the US workforce skill mix***by*Alyan, Nafez**119-125 Gender differences in earnings among economics and business faculty***by*Robinson, Michael D. & Monks, James

### 1999, Volume 62, Issue 3

**261-264 Improving the estimation precision for a selected parameter in multiple regression analysis: an algebraic approach***by*Huang, Ju-Chin**265-270 Efficient GMM and MD estimation of autoregressive models***by*Kim, Yangseon & Qian, Hailong & Schmidt, Peter**271-278 An elementary nonparametric differencing test of equality of regression functions***by*Yatchew, A.**279-285 Computation of the maximum rank correlation estimator***by*Abrevaya, Jason**287-292 UK government expenditure and electoral security in the 1980s: a non-linear analysis***by*Easaw, J. Z. & Garratt, D.**293-300 A note on convex stochastic dominance***by*Wong, Wing-Keung & Li, Chi-Kwong**301-305 Continuity of the constraint correspondence in parameterized Kuhn-Tucker problems with concave constraints***by*de la Fuente, Angel & Naranjo, Maria Teresa**307-310 Pure strategy Nash equilibria of non-zero-sum two-person games: non-convex case***by*Ziad, Abderrahmane**311-317 Non-separable utility function and indeterminacy of equilibrium in a model with human capital***by*Mino, Kazuo**319-323 The coefficient of variation, stochastic dominance and inequality: A new interpretation***by*Formby, John P. & Smith, W. James & Zheng, Buhong**325-330 Demand for medical care, consumption and cointegration***by*Kong, Moon-Kee & Lee, Hoe-Kyung**331-338 Inflationary expectations and rationality revisited***by*Grant, Alan P. & Thomas, Lloyd B.**339-345 Death and taxes: their implications for endogenous growth***by*Reinhart, Vincent Raymond**347-350 Dynamic hedging in currency crisis***by*Krueger, Malte**351-356 The impact of imports on the demand for labor in Australia***by*Tombazos, Christis G.**357-363 Has the European Monetary System led to more exports? Evidence from four European Union countries***by*Fountas, Stilianos & Aristotelous, Kyriacos**365-370 The cyclical behavior of holdout durations***by*van Ours, Jan C.**371-376 Strategic and welfare implications of bundling***by*Martin, Stephen**377-381 Economic growth with finite lifetimes***by*Araujo, Jorge Thompson & Martins, Marco A. C.

### 1999, Volume 62, Issue 2

**147-154 Remarks on the economic interpretation of Hopf bifurcations***by*Kind, Christoph**155-159 The power of tests for non-linearity: the case of Granger-Lee asymmetry***by*Cook, Steven & Holly, Sean & Turner, Paul**161-165 A simple nonlinear time series model with misleading linear properties***by*Granger, Clive W. J. & Terasvirta, Timo**167-174 The accuracy of the higher order bias approximation for the 2SLS estimator***by*Hadri, Kaddour & Phillips, Garry D. A.**175-180 Nonlinear deterministic forecasting of daily Peseta-Dollar exchange rate***by*Soofi, Abdol S. & Cao, Liangyue**181-188 The outside option, threat point, and Nash bargaining solution***by*Chiu, Y. Stephen & Rachel Yang, B.**189-195 The role of unions in hiring procedures for job markets***by*Alcalde, Jose & Revilla, Pablo**197-200 The generalised beta as a model for the distribution of earnings***by*Parker, Simon C.**201-206 An oligarchy theorem in fixed agenda without Pareto conditions***by*Peris, Josep E. & Sanchez, M. Carmen**207-212 Uncertain lifetime, risk aversion and intertemporal substitution***by*Moresi, Serge**213-216 Negative nominal interest rates and the liquidity premium***by*Redding, Lee S.**217-222 Progressive income taxation and the underground economy***by*Trandel, Greg & Snow, Arthur**223-227 Vouchers as a way to finance unemployment benefits***by*Botman, Dennis**229-235 Budget effects of health care 'vouchers'***by*Barros, Pedro P.**237-240 Estimation of sheepskin effects using the old and the new measures of educational attainment in the Current Population Survey***by*Park, Jin Heum**241-243 Will rationing guns reduce crime?***by*Bartley, William Alan**245-251 The two views of small firms in industry dynamics: a reconciliation***by*Agarwal, Rajshree & Audretsch, David B.**253-260 Do husbands and wives make the same choices? Evidence from Northern Ethiopia***by*Lampietti, Julian

### 1999, Volume 62, Issue 1

**1-6 Nonparametric estimation of nonlinear rational expectation models***by*Anatolyev, Stanislav**7-12 Dealing with the common econometric problems of count data with excess zeros, endogenous treatment effects, and attrition bias***by*Freund, Deborah A. & Kniesner, Thomas J. & LoSasso, Anthony T.**13-21 On some properties of a trade closure widely used in numerical modelling***by*Bhattarai, Keshab & Ghosh, Madanmohan & Whalley, John**23-28 Nash implementation of the Nash bargaining solution using intuitive message spaces***by*Naeve, Jorg**29-34 On the number of pure strategy Nash equilibria in finite common payoffs games***by*Stanford, William**35-41 Strategic behavior in public good games: when partners drift apart***by*Sonnemans, Joep & Schram, Arthur & Offerman, Theo**43-52 Pricing differentiated products with indifferent consumers***by*Santore, Rudy**53-58 Is mean-variance analysis applicable to hedge funds?***by*Fung, William & Hsieh, David A.**59-61 Optimal annual contributions to flexible spending accounts: a rule-of-thumb***by*Cuddington, John T.**63-67 The inflation and output variability tradeoff: evidence from a Garch model***by*Lee, Jim**69-74 Liquidation risks in the Rotemberg-Saloner implicit collusion model***by*Bagliano, Fabio C. & Dalmazzo, Alberto**75-80 Incomplete observation, filtering, and the home bias puzzle***by*Ueda, Michiko**81-83 Interest rate, speculative attacks and target zones***by*Pansard, Fabrice**85-90 Capital taxation and production efficiency in an open economy***by*Eggert, Wolfgang & Haufler, Andreas**91-96 Evidence on risk compensation and safety behaviour***by*McCarthy, Patrick & Talley, Wayne K.**97-103 Effort, taxation and unemployment1***by*Andersen, Torben M. & Sandemann Rasmussen, Bo**105-112 Free entry may reduce total willingness-to-pay1***by*Constantatos, Christos & Perrakis, Stylianos**113-119 The price and profit effects of horizontal mergers in two-dimensional spatial competition***by*Braid, Ralph M.**121-129 Cartel stability in advertising-intensive and R&D-intensive industries***by*Symeonidis, George**131-133 Capital mobility and growth***by*Diehl, Markus & Gundlach, Erich**135-138 The division of labor and the extent of the market***by*Swanson, Charles E.**139-145 Voracity and growth in discrete time***by*Tornell, Aaron

### 1998, Volume 61, Issue 3

**269-272 Fractional integration and the augmented Dickey-Fuller Test***by*Kramer, Walter**273-278 Forecasting exchange rate volatility using conditional variance models selected by information criteria***by*Brooks, Chris & Burke, Simon P.**279-284 The measurement of inflation after tax reform***by*Diewert, W. E. & Fox, Kevin J.**285-291 Berge's maximum theorem with two topologies on the action set***by*Horsley, Anthony & Wrobel, A. J. & Van Zandt, Timothy**293-299 Stochastic mean values, rational expectations, and price movements***by*Flam, Sjur Didrik & Horvath, Charles**301-306 A note on discontinuous value functions and strategies in affine-quadratic differential games***by*Jensen, Henrik & Lockwood, Ben**307-311 Insider control and the soft budget constraint: a simple theory***by*Li, David D.**313-319 Optimal subsidy for the poor***by*Chakravarty, Satya R. & Mukherjee, Diganta**321-325 Optimal non-linear pricing with indirect prior beliefs***by*Thomas, Lionel**327-332 Information disaggregation and incentives for non-collusive information sharing***by*Novshek, William & Thoman, Lynda**333-337 Stochastic gradient learning in the cobweb model***by*Evans, George W. & Honkapohja, S.**339-344 A volatility bound for endogenous business cycles: the case of even period lives with additive utility in a monetary economy***by*Swanson, Charles E.**345-349 Distortionary effects of the optimal Hodrick-Prescott filter***by*Ehlgen, Jurgen**351-358 Responses in output to monetary shocks and the interest rate: a rational expectations model with working capital***by*Ahmed, Habib**359-364 Risk premia and overshooting***by*Isaac, Alan G.**365-372 Trade policy and income inequality: new evidence***by*Savvides, Andreas**373-379 The forward bias: is it a money tree?***by*Phillips, Kerk L. & Snow, Karl**381-383 Underpricing and IPO proceeds: a note***by*Habib, Michel A. & Ljungqvist, Alexander P.**385-389 Bureaucrat-managers and corporate governance: expense-preference behaviors in Japanese financial institutions***by*Yamori, Nobuyoshi**391-393 Government education spending and human capital formation***by*Lin, Shuanglin**395-402 Wage responsiveness of labour supply and demand in nonclearing rural markets: the case of Indian agriculture***by*Kanwar, Sunil

### 1998, Volume 61, Issue 2

**135-142 The German wage curve: evidence from the IAB employment sample***by*Baltagi, Badi H. & Blien, Uwe**143-147 Solutions to linear rational expectations models: a compact exposition***by*McCallum, Bennett T.**149-158 The dynamics of optimal wealth distributions with recursive utility***by*Jafarey, Saqib & Park, Hyun**159-163 Market structure of multi-product firms under free entry***by*Hanly, David & Cheung, Keith C. K.**165-170 Simple and clever decision rules for a model of evolution***by*Sandholm, William H.