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The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War

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  • Dang, Hai-Anh H.
  • Hoang, Trung X.
  • Nguyen, Ha

Abstract

Very few studies currently exist on the long-term impacts of schooling policies in developing countries. We examine the impacts—half a century later—of a mass education program conducted by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in the occupied areas during the First Indochina War. Difference-in-difference estimation results suggest that school-age children who were exposed to the program obtained significantly higher levels of education than their peers who were residing in French-occupied areas. The impacts are statistically significant for school-age girls and not for school-age boys. We find beneficial spillover and inter-generational impacts of education: affected girls enjoyed higher household living standards, had more educated spouses, and raised more educated children. We discuss various robustness checks and extensions that support these findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Dang, Hai-Anh H. & Hoang, Trung X. & Nguyen, Ha, 2018. "The Long-Run and Gender-Equalizing Impacts of School Access: Evidence from the First Indochina War," GLO Discussion Paper Series 223, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:223
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education achievement; reading literacy; school policy; popular education; difference-in-difference; long-term impact; war;

    JEL classification:

    • H0 - Public Economics - - General
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions

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