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Inflation Anchoring, Real Borrowing Costs, and Growth: Evidence from Sectoral Data

Author

Listed:
  • Sangyup Choi

    (Yonsei University)

  • Davide Furceri

    (IMF)

  • Prakash Loungani

    (IMF)

Abstract

Central bankers often assert that anchoring of inflation expectations and reducing inflation uncertainty are good for economic outcomes. We test this claim and search for a relevant channel using panel data on sectoral growth for 22 manufacturing industries from 36 advanced and emerging market economies over the period 1990-2014. Our difference-in-difference strategy is based on the theoretical prediction that inflation uncertainty has larger effects in industries that are more credit constrained by increasing effective real borrowing costs. The results show that industries characterized by high external financial dependence, low asset tangibility, and high R&D intensity tend to grow faster in countries with well-anchored inflation expectations. The results are robust to controlling for the interaction between these characteristics and a broad set of macroeconomic variables over the sample period, including the level of inflation and output volatility. The results are also robust to IV techniques, using indicators of monetary policy transparency and independence as instruments.

Suggested Citation

  • Sangyup Choi & Davide Furceri & Prakash Loungani, 2019. "Inflation Anchoring, Real Borrowing Costs, and Growth: Evidence from Sectoral Data," Working papers 2019rwp-143, Yonsei University, Yonsei Economics Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:yon:wpaper:2019rwp-143
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    industry-level growth; inflation anchoring; inflation uncertainty; long-run growth; credit constraints.;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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