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Globalization and political structure

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Abstract

This paper develops a theoretical framework to study the interaction between globalization and political structure. We show that political structure adapts to expanding trade opportunities in a non-monotonic way. Borders hamper trade. In its early stages, the political response to globalization consists of removing borders by increasing country size. In its later stages, however, the political response to globalization is to remove borders by creating international unions, and this leads to a reduction in country size.Moreover, negotiation replaces war as a tool to ensure market access. These predictionsare consistent with historical evidence on trade, territorial expansion and war.

Suggested Citation

  • Gino Gancia & Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto & Jaume Ventura, 2016. "Globalization and political structure," Economics Working Papers 1513, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jul 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1513
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:inecon:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:137-156 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bonfatti, Roberto, 2017. "The sustainability of empire in a global perspective: The role of international trade patterns," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 137-156.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Globalization; political structure; size of countries; international unions.;

    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F55 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Institutional Arrangements
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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