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Is Europe an Optimal Political Area?

Listed author(s):
  • Alberto Alesina
  • Guido Tabellini
  • Francesco Trebbi

Employing a wide range of individual-level surveys, we study the extent of cultural and institutional heterogeneity within the EU and how this changed between 1980 and 2008. We present several novel empirical regularities that paint a complex picture. While Europe has experienced both systematic economic convergence and an increased coordination across national and subnational business cycles since 1980, this was not accompanied by cultural nor institutional convergence. Such persistent heterogeneity does not necessarily spell doom for further political integration, however. Compared to observed heterogeneity within member states themselves, or in well functioning federations such as the US, cultural diversity across EU members is a similar order of magnitude. The main stumbling block on the road to further political integration is not heterogeneity of tastes or of cultural traits, but other cleavages, such as national identities.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 23325.

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Date of creation: Apr 2017
Publication status: published as Alberto Alesina & Guido Tabellini & Francesco Trebbi, 2017. "Is Europe an Optimal Political Area?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, vol 2017(1), pages 169-234.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23325
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