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Culture: Persistence and Evolution

Author

Listed:
  • Francesco Giavazzi

    (Bocconi University)

  • Ivan Petkov

    (Boston College)

  • Fabio Schiantarelli

    () (Boston College
    IZA)

Abstract

This paper presents evidence on the speed of evolution (or lack thereof) of a wide range of values and beliefs of different generations of European immigrants to the US. The main result is that persistence differs greatly across cultural attitudes. Some, for instance deep personal religious values, some fam-ily and moral values, and political orientation are very persistent. Other, such as attitudes toward cooperation, redistribution, effort, children independence, premarital sex, and even the frequency of religious practice or the intensity of association with one’s religion, converge rather quickly. Moreover, the results obtained studying higher generation immigrants differ greatly from those obtained limiting the analysis to the second generation, and imply lesser degree of persistence. Finally, we show that persistence is ”culture specific” in the sense that the country from which one’s ancestors came matters for the pattern of generational convergence.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Giavazzi & Ivan Petkov & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2014. "Culture: Persistence and Evolution," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 853, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 25 Aug 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:853
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Boris Gershman, 2016. "Long-Run Development and the New Cultural Economics," Working Papers 2016-06, American University, Department of Economics.
    2. Bisin, Alberto & Verdier, Thierry, 2017. "On the Joint Evolution of Culture and Institutions," CEPR Discussion Papers 12000, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. repec:oup:jeurec:v:15:y:2017:i:2:p:245-295. is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Scott Fulford & Ivan Petkov & Fabio Schiantarelli, 2015. "Does It Matter Where You Came From? Ancestry Composition and Economic Performance of U.S. Counties, 1850-2010," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 875, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 02 Feb 2017.
    5. Aleberto Alesina & Guido Tabellini & Francesco Trebbi, 2017. "Is Europe an Optimal Political Area?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, pages 169-234.
    6. Giuseppe Albanese & Guido Blasio & Paolo Sestito, 2016. "My parents taught Me. Evidence on the family transmission of values," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, pages 571-592.
    7. Joan Costa-Font & Sergi Jiménez-Martín & Cristina Vilaplana, 2016. "Does long-term care subsidisation reduce unnecessary hospitalisations?," Economics Working Papers 1535, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    8. Wuepper, David & Sauer, Johannes, 2016. "Explaining the performance of contract farming in Ghana: The role of self-efficacy and social capital," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 11-27.
    9. Marta De Philippis & Federico Rossi, 2016. "Parents, Schools and Human Capital Differences across Countries," Discussion Papers 1614, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    10. Joan Costa-i-Font & Azusa Sato, 2016. "'Cultural Persistence' of Health Capital: Evidence from European Migrants," CESifo Working Paper Series 5964, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Bertocchi, Graziella & Dimico, Arcangelo, 2015. "The long-term determinants of female HIV infection in Africa: The slave trade, polygyny, and sexual behavior," QUCEH Working Paper Series 15-04, Queen's University Belfast, Queen's University Centre for Economic History.
    12. Giampaolo Lecce & Laura Ogliari & Tommaso Orlando, 2017. "Resistance to Institutions and Cultural Distance: Brigandage in Post-Unification Italy," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 2097, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    13. Daron Acemoglu & Matthew O. Jackson, 2017. "Social Norms and the Enforcement of Laws," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(2), pages 245-295.
    14. Arthur Grimes & Robert MacCulloch & Fraser McKay, 2015. "Indigenous Belief in a Just World: New Zealand M?ori and other Ethnicities Compared," Working Papers 15_14, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    15. Buechel, Berno & Hellmann, Tim & Pichler, Michael M., 2014. "The dynamics of continuous cultural traits in social networks," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, pages 274-309.
    16. Paola Giuliano & Nathan Nunn, 2017. "Understanding Cultural Persistence and Change," NBER Working Papers 23617, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Giampaolo Lecce & Laura Ogliari, 2015. "Institutional Transplant and Cultural Proximity: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Prussia," CESifo Working Paper Series 5652, CESifo Group Munich.
    18. Naci H. Mocan & Luiza Pogorelova, 2015. "Why Work More? The Impact of Taxes, and Culture of Leisure on Labor Supply in Europe," NBER Working Papers 21297, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Naci Mocan & Luiza Pogorelova, 2015. "Why Work More? The Impact of Taxes, and Culture of Leisure on Labor Supply in Europe," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1514, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    20. Mocan, Naci & Pogorelova, Luiza, 2015. "Why Work More? The Impact of Taxes, and Culture of Leisure on Labor Supply in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 9281, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Culture; Values; Beliefs; Transmission; Persistence; Evolution; Immigrants; Integration;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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