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The Roots of Low European Employment : Family Culture ?

  • Algan, Yann
  • Cahuc, Pierre

First we provide a simple labor supply model in which heterogeneity in family preferences can account for cross-country variations in both the level and the dynamics of employment rates of demographic groups. Second, we provide evidence based on international individual surveys that family attitudes do differ across countries and are largely shaped by national features. We also document that cross-country differences in family culture cause cross- national differences in family attitudes. Studying the correlation between employment rates and family attitudes, we then show that the stronger preferences for family activities in European countries may explain both their lower female employment rate and the fall in the employment rates of young and older people.

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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 0512.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:0512
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  10. Ghazala Azmat & Maia Güell & Alan Manning, 2003. "Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries," Working Papers 137, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
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