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The Roots of Low European Employment : Family Culture?

Author

Listed:
  • Yann Algan

    (Université Paris-Est)

  • Pierre Cahuc

    (École polytechnique (X))

Abstract

OECD countries faced largely divergent employment rates during the last decades. But the whole bulk of the cross-national and cross-temporal heterogeneity relies on specific demographic groups: prime-age women and younger and older individuals. This paper argues that family labour supply interactions and cross-country heterogeneity in family culture are key for explaining these stylized facts. First we provide a simple labour supply model in which heterogeneity in family preferences can account for cross-country variations in both the level and the dynamics of employment rates of demographic groups. Second, we provide evidence based on international individual surveys that family attitudes do differ across countries and are largely shaped by national features. We also document that cross-country differences in family culture cause cross-national differences in family attitudes. Studying the correlation between employment rates and family attitudes, we then show that the stronger preferences for family activities in European countries may explain both their lower female employment rate and the fall in the employment rates of young and older people.

Suggested Citation

  • Yann Algan & Pierre Cahuc, 2005. "The Roots of Low European Employment : Family Culture?," Sciences Po publications 5169, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/8808
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    culture; family attitudes; employment rate and;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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