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The value of corporate culture

Author

Listed:
  • Guiso, Luigi
  • Sapienza, Paola
  • Zingales, Luigi

Abstract

We study which dimensions of corporate culture are related to a firm׳s performance and why. We find that proclaimed values appear irrelevant. Yet, when employees perceive top managers as trustworthy and ethical, a firm׳s performance is stronger. We then study how different governance structures impact the ability to sustain integrity as a corporate value. We find that publicly traded firms are less able to sustain it. Traditional measures of corporate governance do not seem to have much of an impact.

Suggested Citation

  • Guiso, Luigi & Sapienza, Paola & Zingales, Luigi, 2015. "The value of corporate culture," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 60-76.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:117:y:2015:i:1:p:60-76
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2014.05.010
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    1. João F. Gomes & Leonid Kogan & Motohiro Yogo, 2009. "Durability of Output and Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 117(5), pages 941-986.
    2. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2008. "Alfred Marshall Lecture Social Capital as Good Culture," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 6(2-3), pages 295-320, 04-05.
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    13. Edmans, Alex, 2011. "Does the stock market fully value intangibles? Employee satisfaction and equity prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(3), pages 621-640, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dong, Zhiqiang & Zhang, Yongjing, 2016. "Accumulated social capital, institutional quality, and economic performance: Evidence from China," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 206-219.
    2. Aleberto Alesina & Guido Tabellini & Francesco Trebbi, 2017. "Is Europe an Optimal Political Area?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 48(1 (Spring), pages 169-234.
    3. Benmelech, Efraim & Frydman, Carola, 2015. "Military CEOs," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 43-59.
    4. repec:bla:jomstd:v:54:y:2017:i:4:p:403-421 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:spr:reaccs:v:23:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11142-018-9442-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Lins, Karl & Servaes, Henri & Tamayo, Ane, 2015. "Social Capital, Trust, and Firm Performance during the Financial Crisis," CEPR Discussion Papers 10399, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. repec:bla:jfinan:v:72:y:2017:i:4:p:1785-1824 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:spr:reaccs:v:23:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9435-x is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Jing Lin & Jianming Cai & Yan Han & He Zhu & Zhe Cheng, 2016. "Culture Sustainability: Culture Quotient (CQ) and Its Quantitative Empirical Application to Chinese Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-12, November.
    10. Gropp, Reint & Radev, Deyan, 2017. "Social centralization, bank integration and the transmission of lending shocks," SAFE Working Paper Series 174, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    11. Stulz, Rene M., 2016. "Risk management, governance, culture, and risk taking in banks," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Aug, pages 43-60.
    12. Liu, Xiaoding, 2016. "Corruption culture and corporate misconduct," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 307-327.
    13. Huang, Minjie & Li, Pingshu & Meschke, Felix & Guthrie, James P., 2015. "Family firms, employee satisfaction, and corporate performance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 108-127.
    14. Karl V. Lins & Henri Servaes & Ane Tamayo, 2017. "Social Capital, Trust, and Firm Performance: The Value of Corporate Social Responsibility during the Financial Crisis," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 72(4), pages 1785-1824, August.
    15. Bargeron, Leonce & Lehn, Kenneth & Smith, Jared, 2015. "Employee–management trust and M&A activity," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 389-406.
    16. Francesco Feri, Caterina Giannetti, Pietro Guarnieri, 2017. "Risk taking for others: an experiment on ethics meetings," Discussion Papers 2017/229, Dipartimento di Economia e Management (DEM), University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    17. Gropp, Reint E. & Radev, Deyan, 2017. "Social centralisation, bank integration and the transmission of lending shocks," IWH Discussion Papers 18/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    18. René M. Stulz, 2014. "Governance, Risk Management, and Risk-Taking in Banks," NBER Working Papers 20274, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate culture; Integrity; Going public;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility

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