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The Glass Border: Gender and Exporting in Developing Countries

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  • Ronald B. Davies
  • Arman Mazhikeyev

Abstract

Using firm level data across 99 developing and transition economies, we explore the productivity differences between firms depending on their export status and the gender of their owners. We find that female-owned exporters have roughly half the exporter productivity premium of comparable male firms. This is particularly true for larger firms, suggesting that this difference may reflect greater difficulty in implementing learning by exporting for female-owned firms. Nevertheless, we also find evidence consistent with selection into exporting where female-owned firms face relatively higher export costs. Together, these point to significant discrimination barriers female firms face when exporting.

Suggested Citation

  • Ronald B. Davies & Arman Mazhikeyev, 2015. "The Glass Border: Gender and Exporting in Developing Countries," Working Papers 201525, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:wpaper:201525
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/7184
    File Function: First version, 2015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecolet:v:165:y:2018:i:c:p:13-16 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ronald B. Davies & Arman Mazhikeyev, 2015. "The Impact of Special Economic Zones on Exporting Behavior," Working Papers 201528, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    3. Igor Bagayev & Ronald B. Davies, 2017. "The Impact of Protection on Observed Productivity Distributions," Working Papers 201705, School of Economics, University College Dublin.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporting; Gender; Discrimination; Trade barriers;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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