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The gender gap in international trade: Female-run firms and the exporter productivity premium

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  • Krenz, Astrid

Abstract

Female-run firms are less likely to be exporters although they exert positive influence in various aspects in an economy and society. With a new and comprehensive data set on manufacturing plants, I investigate the exporter productivity premium of female-run firms in Germany. The results show that female-run firms gain a higher exporter-productivity premium than male-run firms. I find evidence for selection into exporting but no impact for learning from exporting for female-run exporting firms. These results give hint to discrimination barriers that female-run firms face when they are exporting as compared to male-run firm exporters.

Suggested Citation

  • Krenz, Astrid, 2019. "The gender gap in international trade: Female-run firms and the exporter productivity premium," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 368, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:368
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender Inequality; Exporter-Productivity Premium; Germany; Firm Heterogeneity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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