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Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling - Evidence from a Combined Vignette and Field Experiment

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  • Henning Finseraas
  • Åshild A. Johnsen
  • Andreas Kotsadam
  • Gaute Torsvik

Abstract

Increased diversity in the workforce can lead to either more or less discrimination. We study discrimination among recruits in the Norwegian Armed Forces during boot camp. In a vignette experiment female candidates are perceived as less suited to be squad leaders than their identical male counterparts. Adding positive information leads to higher evaluations of the candidates, but does not reduce the amount of discrimination. The boot camp provides an ideal setting for studying inter-group contact. We find that intense collaborative exposure to female colleagues reduces discriminatory attitudes: Male soldiers who were randomly assigned to share room and work in a squad with female soldiers during the recruit period do not discriminate in the vignette experiment.

Suggested Citation

  • Henning Finseraas & Åshild A. Johnsen & Andreas Kotsadam & Gaute Torsvik, 2015. "Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling - Evidence from a Combined Vignette and Field Experiment," CESifo Working Paper Series 5565, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_5565
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    Cited by:

    1. Schoonjans, Eline & Hottenrott, Hanna & Buchwald, Achim, 2023. "Welcome on board? Appointment dynamics of women as directors," ZEW Discussion Papers 23-005, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    2. Gordon B Dahl & Andreas Kotsadam & Dan-Olof Rooth, 2021. "Does Integration Change Gender Attitudes? The Effect of Randomly Assigning Women to Traditionally Male Teams," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 136(2), pages 987-1030.
    3. Kunze, Astrid & Scharfenkamp, Katrin, 2022. "Gender Diversity, Labour in the Boardroom and Gender Quotas," IZA Discussion Papers 15691, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Jacob Bastian, 2020. "The Rise of Working Mothers and the 1975 Earned Income Tax Credit," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 12(3), pages 44-75, August.
    5. Kunze, Astrid & Katrin Scharfenkamp, Katrin, 2022. "Gender diversity, labour in the boardroom and gender quotas," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 16/2022, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    6. Astrid Kunze & Katrin Scharfenkamp, 2022. "Gender Diversity, Gender in the Boardroom and Gender Quotas," CESifo Working Paper Series 10077, CESifo.
    7. Karen Evelyn Hauge & Andreas Kotsadam & Anine Riege, 2023. "Culture and Gender Differences in Willingness to Compete," The Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 133(654), pages 2403-2426.
    8. Matthew Lowe, 2020. "Types of Contact: A Field Experiment on Collaborative and Adversarial Caste Integration," CESifo Working Paper Series 8089, CESifo.
    9. Kübler, Dorothea & Schmid, Julia & Stüber, Robert, 2018. "Gender discrimination in hiring across occupations: a nationally-representative vignette study," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 215-229.
    10. Paredes, Valentina & Paserman, M. Daniele & Pino, Francisco J., 2020. "Does Economics Make You Sexist?," IZA Discussion Papers 13223, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Gwen-Jiro Clochard, 2022. "Contact Interventions: A Meta-Analysis," Working Papers 2022-14, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    12. Finseraas, Henning & Hanson, Torbjørn & Johnsen, Åshild A. & Kotsadam, Andreas & Torsvik, Gaute, 2019. "Trust, ethnic diversity, and personal contact: A field experiment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 72-84.
    13. Luca Fumarco, 2017. "Disability Discrimination in the Italian Rental Housing Market: A Field Experiment with Blind Tenants," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 93(4), pages 567-584.
    14. Elisabeth Tovar & Mathieu Bunel, 2019. "Profit vs morality: how unfair is labor market discrimination? Results from a survey experiment," Post-Print hal-02459378, HAL.
    15. Lepage, Louis Pierre, 2020. "Endogenous learning and the persistence of employer biases in the labor market," CLEF Working Paper Series 24, Canadian Labour Economics Forum (CLEF), University of Waterloo.
    16. Maiti, Surya Nath & Pakrashi, Debayan & Saha, Sarani & Smyth, Russell, 2022. "Don't judge a book by its cover: The role of intergroup contact in reducing prejudice in conflict settings," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 202(C), pages 533-548.
    17. Henning Finseraas & Åshild A. Johnsen & Andreas Kotsadam & Gaute Torsvik, 2016. "Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling – A Summary of the Findings from a Lab Experiment in the Field," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(2), pages 37-43, 07.
    18. Lenz, Lisa & Mittlaender, Sergio, 2022. "The effect of intergroup contact on discrimination," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 89(C).
    19. repec:ces:ifodic:v:14:y:2016:i:2:p:19235738 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Fumarco, Luca, 2015. "Disability Discrimination in the Rental Housing Market – A Field Experiment on Blind Tenants," MPRA Paper 63899, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Krenz, Astrid, 2019. "The gender gap in international trade: Female-run firms and the exporter productivity premium," University of Göttingen Working Papers in Economics 368, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    22. Henning Finseraas & Åshild A. Johnsen & Andreas Kotsadam & Gaute Torsvik, 2016. "Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling – A Summary of the Findings from a Lab Experiment in the Field," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 14(02), pages 37-43, July.
    23. Élisabeth Tovar & Matthieu Bunel, 2019. "Profit vs morality: how unfair is labor market discrimination? Results from a survey experiment," Working Papers hal-04141860, HAL.
    24. Paluck, Elizabeth Levy & Green, Seth Ariel & Green, Don, 2017. "The contact hypothesis re-evaluated," SocArXiv w2jkf, Center for Open Science.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination exposure field experiments;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments

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