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Export Premium, Self-selection and Learning-by-Exporting: Evidence from Chinese Matched Firms

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  • Yong Yang
  • Sushanta Mallick

Abstract

Abstract This study empirically focuses on examining the hypotheses of export premium (exporters are more productive than non-exporters), selection-into-exporting (more productive firms are ones that tend to become exporters) and learning-by-exporting (new export market entrants have higher productivity growth than non-exporters in the post-entry period). The propensity score matching method is used to adjust for observable differences of firm characteristics between exporters and non-exporters, allowing an adequate 'like-for-like' comparison. We also use the difference-in-difference matching estimator to capture the magnitude of different productivity growth between matched new export market entrants and non-exporters in the post-entry period up to two years. Drawing on 2,340 Chinese firms in the period 2000-02, we find evidence for export premium and self-selection, and once the firm has entered the export market there is additional productivity growth from the learning effect, in particular in the second year after entry. Copyright 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Yong Yang & Sushanta Mallick, 2010. "Export Premium, Self-selection and Learning-by-Exporting: Evidence from Chinese Matched Firms," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(10), pages 1218-1240, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:33:y:2010:i:10:p:1218-1240
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    Cited by:

    1. Miaojie Yu & Jin Li, 2014. "Imported Intermediate Inputs, Firm Productivity and Product Complexity," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 65(2), pages 178-192, June.
    2. Diana Alexandra Gonçalves Costa & Ana Teresa Cunha de Pinho Tavares Lehmann, 2015. "Performance Differences between Exporters and Non-Exporters: the Case of Portugal," FEP Working Papers 569, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    3. DU, Julan & LU, Yi & TAO, Zhigang & YU, Linhui, 2012. "Do domestic and foreign exporters differ in learning by exporting? Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 296-315.
    4. Jarko Fidrmuc & Reiner Martin, 2011. "FDI, Trade and Growth in CESEE Countries," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 70-89.
    5. repec:afe:journl:v:19:y:2017:i:1:p:133-160 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Lin, Faqin, 2015. "Learning by exporting effect in China revisited: An instrumental Approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-13.
    7. Izak Atiyas, 2011. "Firm Level Data in The ERF Region: Research Questions, Data Requirements and Possibilities," Working Papers 589, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2011.
    8. Yu, Mei & Ashton, John K., 2015. "Board leadership structure for Chinese public listed companies," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 236-248.
    9. Hübler, Michael & Pothen, Frank, 2017. "Trade-induced productivity gains reduce incentives to impose strategic tariffs," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 420-431.
    10. Valeria, Gattai & Rajssa, Mechelli & Piergiovanna, Natale, 2016. "FDI and Heterogeneous Firms: Evidence from BRIC Countries," Working Papers 322, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 18 Jan 2016.
    11. repec:eee:iburev:v:26:y:2017:i:6:p:1034-1050 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Cui Hu & Faqin Lin & Xiaosong Wang, 2016. "Learning from exporting in China," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 24(2), pages 299-334, April.
    13. Sushanta Mallick & Yong Yang, 2013. "Productivity Performance of Export Market Entry and Exit: Evidence from Indian Firms," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 809-824, September.
    14. Mi Dai & Miaojie Yu, 2013. "Firm R&D, Absorptive Capacity and Learning by Exporting: Firm-level Evidence from China," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(9), pages 1131-1145, September.
    15. repec:afe:journl:v:19:y:2017:i:1:p:113-131 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Jiang, Zheng & Shi, Huimin, 2016. "The selection of firms based on productivity: different roles of entry and overhead cost," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 537-544.
    17. Ronald B. Davies & Arman Mazhikeyev, 2015. "The Glass Border: Gender and Exporting in Developing Countries," Working Papers 201525, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    18. Heather D Gibson & Georgia Pavlou, 2017. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Greek firms," Working Papers 228, Bank of Greece.

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