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Explaining cross-country differences in exporting performance: The role of country-level macroeconomic environment

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  • Yang, Yong
  • Mallick, Sushanta

Abstract

In this paper, we undertake a meta-analysis to investigate whether country-level macroeconomic factors can help explain the inconclusiveness of existing evidence on the firm-level productivity–exporting relationship – the so-called learning-by-exporting hypothesis. Using 34 studies that investigate learning by exporting covering 31 countries, we attempt to explain whether country-specific macroeconomic factors account for the variation in the estimated firm-specific productivity effects from exporting across different studies, along with considering a firm-level factor. Robust to different specifications, one interesting finding is that countries with bigger external demand (measured by distance-weighted global GDP for each country) are likely to display a higher estimate of the productivity effect of exporting. In addition, countries with higher competitiveness, as reflected in lower relative prices, tend to experience higher exporting performance, while higher returns from overseas production reduce the learning effect from exporting at the firm level. The results also indicate that the effect of exporting on firm productivity is lower in periods of financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang, Yong & Mallick, Sushanta, 2014. "Explaining cross-country differences in exporting performance: The role of country-level macroeconomic environment," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 246-259.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:23:y:2014:i:1:p:246-259
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.04.004
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    15. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Michel Quere, 2008. "The U-Shaped Productivity Dynamics of French Exporters," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 144(4), pages 636-659, December.
    16. Ana M. Fernandes & Alberto E. Isgut, 2005. "Learning-by-Doing, Learning-by-Exporting, and Productivity: Evidence from Colombia," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_018, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporting; Firm productivity; Macroeconomic factors;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

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