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The International Elasticity Puzzle Is Worse Than You Think

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  • Lionel Fontagné

    (Maison des Sciences Economiques)

  • Philippe Martin

    (Département d'économie)

  • Gianluca Orefice

    (Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales (CEPII))

Abstract

We instrument export prices with firm level electricity cost shocks and estimate three international price elasticities using firm-level export data: the elasticity of firm exports to export price, tariff and real exchange rate shocks. In standard models these three elasticities should be equal. We find that this is far from being the case. The export price elasticity is the highest, around 5, much larger than the exchange rate elasticity. The international elasticity puzzle is therefore worse than previously thought. We also show that exporters absorb one third of tariff changes in their export prices. Because we take into account this reaction of export prices to tariffs, our estimate of the tariff elasticity corrects from this omitted-variable bias.

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  • Lionel Fontagné & Philippe Martin & Gianluca Orefice, 2018. "The International Elasticity Puzzle Is Worse Than You Think," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3lmdaefcr88, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/3lmdaefcr886ao8sahjmam30ke
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    2. Eddy Bekkers & Alessandro Antimiani & Caitlyn Carrico & Dorothee Flaig & Lionel Fontagne & Jean Foure & Joseph Francois & Ken Itakura & Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova & William Powers & Bert Saveyn & Robe, 2020. "Modelling Trade and Other Economic Interactions Between Countries in Baseline Projections," Journal of Global Economic Analysis, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, vol. 5(1), pages 273-345, June.
    3. Piveteau, Paul & Smagghue, Gabriel, 2019. "Estimating firm product quality using trade data," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 217-232.
    4. Olivier Jeanne, 2020. "To What Extent Are Tariffs Offset by Exchange Rates?," Working Paper Series WP20-1, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    5. Lionel Fontagné & Houssein Guimbard & Gianluca Orefice, 2019. "Product-Level Trade Elasticities," Working Papers 2019-17, CEPII research center.
    6. Silvia Fabiani & Alberto Felettigh & Claire Giordano & Roberto Torrini, 2019. "Making room for new competitors. A comparative perspective on Italy’s exports in the euro-area market," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 530, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    7. Willem THORBECKE & Nimesh SALIKE & CHEN Chen, 2020. "China's Exports in a Protectionist World," Discussion papers 20011, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. Alvaro Espitia & Nadia Rocha & Michele Ruta, 2020. "Trade in Critical COVID-19 Products," World Bank Other Operational Studies 33514, The World Bank.
    9. Willem THORBECKE & CHEN Chen & Nimesh SALIKE, 2020. "The Relationship between Product Complexity and Exchange Rate Elasticities: Evidence from the People's Republic of China's Manufacturing Industries," Discussion papers 20075, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    10. Bruno Ducoudre & Xavier Timbeau & Sébastien Villemot, 2018. "The magnitude of euro area misalignments," Sciences Po publications 45, Sciences Po.
    11. Dinopoulos, Elias & Kalyvitis, Sarantis & Katsimi, Margarita, 2020. "Variable export price elasticity, product quality, and credit constraints: Theory and evidence from Greek firms," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    12. Christoph E. Boehm & Andrei A. Levchenko & Nitya Pandalai-Nayar, 2020. "The Long and Short (Run) of Trade Elasticities," NBER Working Papers 27064, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Agnes Benassy-Quere & Matthieu Bussière & Pauline Wibaux, 2018. "Trade and Currency Weapons," CESifo Working Paper Series 7112, CESifo.
    14. Fitzgerald, Doireann & Haller, Stefanie, 2018. "Exporters and shocks," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 154-171.
    15. Bruno Ducoudre & Nicolas Yol, 2018. "Evaluation de l'impact du CICE par une méthode," Sciences Po publications 30, Sciences Po.
    16. Picard, Pierre M. & Worrall, Tim, 2020. "Currency areas and voluntary transfers," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(C).
    17. Antoine GODIN & Sakir-Devrim YILMAZ, 2020. "Modelling Small Open Developing Economies in a Financialized World: A Stock-Flow Consistent Prototype Growth Model," Working Paper 5eb7e0e8-560f-4ce6-91a5-5, Agence française de développement.
    18. Yohannes Ayele & L. Alan Winters, 2020. "How Do Exchange Rate Depreciations Affect Trade and Prices? A Survey and Lessons about UK Experience after June 2016," Working Paper Series 1420, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
    19. Charlotte Emlinger & Sébastien Jean & Vincent Vicard, 2019. "L’étonnante atonie des exportations françaises : retour sur la compétitivité et ses déterminants," CEPII Policy Brief 2019-24, CEPII research center.
    20. Figueiredo, Erik & Lima, Luiz Renato & Orefice, Gianluca, 2020. "Migration, trade and spillover effects," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 405-421.
    21. Hélène Latzer & Kiminori Matsuyama & Mathieu Parenti, 2019. "Reconsidering the Market Size Effect in Innovation and Growth," Working Papers ECARES 2019-31, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    22. Thorbecke, Willem, 2019. "East Asian value chains, exchange rates, and regional exchange rate arrangements," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    23. Antoine Berthou & Emannuel Dhyne, 2018. "Exchange rate movements,firm-level exports and heterogeneity," Working Paper Research 334, National Bank of Belgium.
    24. Lionel Fontagné & Houssein Guimbard & Gianluca Orefice, 2020. "Product-Level Trade Elasticities: Worth Weighting For," Working Papers DT/2020/08, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    25. Boehm, Christoph & Levchenko, Andrei A. & Pandalai-Nayar, Nitya, 2020. "The Long and Short (Run) of Trade Elasticities," CEPR Discussion Papers 14645, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Elasticity; International Trade and Macroeconomics; Export Price; Firm Exports;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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