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A comprehensive anlysis of expenditure decentralization and of the composition of local public spending

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  • Agnese Sacchi
  • Simone Salotti

Abstract

Many countries have recently implemented fiscal decentralization reforms, assigning more functions and spending responsibilities to sub-national governments. In this paper we investigate the reasons behind the decentralization process of different categories of government expenditure (such as health, education, social security and welfare, housing, transports, public order) using IMF and OECD data for 21 developed countries over the period 1972-2006. We pay particular attention to the roles played by the taxing power of sub-national governments and by grants received from upper tiers of government. Then, we also study the determinants of the composition of local expenditure. Using a general-to-specific empirical approach, we adopt different models for each of the spending functions under analysis. This leads to a number of results, not yet reached in the existing literature, on the importance of tax decentralization, demographics, politics, and a number of other socio-economic variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnese Sacchi & Simone Salotti, 2012. "A comprehensive anlysis of expenditure decentralization and of the composition of local public spending," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0155, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
  • Handle: RePEc:rtr:wpaper:0155
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Joan Costa-i-Font & Gilberto Turati, 2016. "Regional Health Care Decentralization in Unitary States: Equal Spending, Equal Satisfaction?," CESifo Working Paper Series 5973, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Raffaele Lagravinese & Paolo Liberati & Agnese Sacchi, 2016. "The growth and variability of local taxes: An application to the Italian regions," Working Papers. Collection B: Regional and sectoral economics 1601, Universidade de Vigo, GEN - Governance and Economics research Network.
    3. Andreas P. Kyriacou & Leonel Muinelo-Gallo & Oriol Roca-Sagalés, 2015. "Regional inequalities, fiscal decentralization and government quality: empirical evidence from simultaneous equations," Working Papers. Collection A: Public economics, governance and decentralization 1501, Universidade de Vigo, GEN - Governance and Economics research Network.
    4. Jorge Martinez-Vazquez & Santiago Lago-Peñas & Agnese Sacchi, 2017. "The Impact Of Fiscal Decentralization: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, pages 1095-1129.
    5. Maria Jennifer Grisorio & Francesco Prota, 2016. "Public expenditure in time of crisis: are Italian policymakers choosing the right mix?," Working Papers. Collection B: Regional and sectoral economics 1602, Universidade de Vigo, GEN - Governance and Economics research Network.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal decentralization; COFOG; task assignment; local tax revenue; budget composition;

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • H76 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Other Expenditure Categories
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism

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