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A comprehensive anlysis of expenditure decentralization and of the composition of local public spending

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  • Agnese Sacchi
  • Simone Salotti

Abstract

Many countries have recently implemented fiscal decentralization reforms, assigning more functions and spending responsibilities to sub-national governments. In this paper we investigate the reasons behind the decentralization process of different categories of government expenditure (such as health, education, social security and welfare, housing, transports, public order) using IMF and OECD data for 21 developed countries over the period 1972-2006. We pay particular attention to the roles played by the taxing power of sub-national governments and by grants received from upper tiers of government. Then, we also study the determinants of the composition of local expenditure. Using a general-to-specific empirical approach, we adopt different models for each of the spending functions under analysis. This leads to a number of results, not yet reached in the existing literature, on the importance of tax decentralization, demographics, politics, and a number of other socio-economic variables.

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  • Agnese Sacchi & Simone Salotti, 2012. "A comprehensive anlysis of expenditure decentralization and of the composition of local public spending," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0155, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
  • Handle: RePEc:rtr:wpaper:0155
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    Cited by:

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    2. Daniel Gama e Colombo & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez, 2018. "Fiscal Decentralization and Public R&D Policy: A Country Panel Analysis," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1820, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    3. Chen, Zhigang & Lv, Bingyang & Liu, Yongzheng, 2019. "Financial development and the composition of government expenditure: Theory and cross-country evidence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 600-611.
    4. Jorge Martinez-Vazquez & Santiago Lago-Peñas & Agnese Sacchi, 2017. "The Impact Of Fiscal Decentralization: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 1095-1129, September.
    5. Martina Halásková & Renata Halásková, 2018. "Evaluation Structure of Local Public Expenditures in the European Union Countries," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 66(3), pages 755-766.
    6. Fan Fan & Ming Li & Ran Tao & Dali Yang, 2020. "Transfer-based decentralisation, economic growth and spatial inequality: Evidence from China’s 2002–2003 tax sharing reform," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 57(4), pages 806-826, March.
    7. Francesco Prota & Maria Jennifer Grisorio, 2018. "Public expenditure in time of crisis: are Italian policymakers choosing the right mix?," Economia Politica: Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, Springer;Fondazione Edison, vol. 35(2), pages 337-365, August.
    8. Thien Vu Tran & Joseph Drew & Masayoshi Noguchi, 2018. "The Role of Revenue Volatility in Local Expenditure Volatility: A Comparison of Tokyo Metropolitan Local Governments," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 37(4), pages 443-455, December.
    9. Joan Costa-Font & Gilberto Turati, 2018. "Regional healthcare decentralization in unitary states: equal spending, equal satisfaction?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(7), pages 974-985, July.
    10. Armey, Laura E. & McNab, Robert M., 2018. "Expenditure decentralization and natural resources," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 52-61.
    11. David Bartolini & Agnese Sacchi & Domenico Scalera & Alberto Zazzaro, 2018. "The closer the better? Institutional distance and information blurring in a political agency model," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 146, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    12. Joan Costa-Font & Gilberto Turati, 2018. "Regional healthcare decentralization in unitary states: equal spending, equal satisfaction?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(7), pages 974-985, July.
    13. Raffaele Lagravinese & Paolo Liberati & Agnese Sacchi, 2016. "The growth and variability of local taxes: An application to the Italian regions," Working Papers. Collection B: Regional and sectoral economics 1601, Universidade de Vigo, GEN - Governance and Economics research Network.
    14. Andreas P. Kyriacou & Leonel Muinelo-Gallo & Oriol Roca-Sagalés, 2015. "Regional inequalities, fiscal decentralization and government quality: empirical evidence from simultaneous equations," Working Papers. Collection A: Public economics, governance and decentralization 1501, Universidade de Vigo, GEN - Governance and Economics research Network.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    fiscal decentralization; COFOG; task assignment; local tax revenue; budget composition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • H76 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Other Expenditure Categories
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism

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