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Asymmetric effects and long memory in the volatility of Dow Jones stocks

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  • Marcel Scharth

    (Department of Economics - PUC-Rio)

  • Marcelo Cunha Medeiros

    () (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)

Abstract

Does volatility reflect a continuous reaction to past shocks or changes in the markets induce shifts in the volatility dynamics? In this paper, we provide empirical evidence that cumulated price variations convey meaningful information about multiple regimes in the realized volatility of stocks, where large falls (rises) in prices are linked to persistent regimes of high (low) variance in stock returns. Incorporating past cumulated daily returns as a explanatory variable in a flexible and systematic nonlinear framework, we estimate that falls of different magnitudes over less than two months are associated with volatility levels 20% and 60% higher than the average of periods with stable or rising prices. We show that this effect accounts for large empirical values of long memory parameter estimates. Finally, we analyze that the proposed model significantly improves out of sample performance in relation to standard methods. This result is more pronounced in periods of high volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Scharth & Marcelo Cunha Medeiros, 2006. "Asymmetric effects and long memory in the volatility of Dow Jones stocks," Textos para discussão 532, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:532
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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Allen & Michael McAleer & Marcel Scharth, 2014. "Asymmetric Realized Volatility Risk," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-30, June.
    2. Chen, Ray-Bing & Chen, Ying & Härdle, Wolfgang K., 2014. "TVICA—Time varying independent component analysis and its application to financial data," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 95-109.
    3. McAleer, Michael & Medeiros, Marcelo C., 2008. "A multiple regime smooth transition Heterogeneous Autoregressive model for long memory and asymmetries," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 147(1), pages 104-119, November.
    4. Heejoon Han & Myung D. Park & Shen Zhang, 2015. "A Multiplicative Error Model with Heterogeneous Components for Forecasting Realized Volatility," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(3), pages 209-219, April.
    5. Isao Ishida & Virmantas Kvedaras, 2015. "Modeling Autoregressive Processes with Moving-Quantiles-Implied Nonlinearity," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(1), pages 1-53, January.
    6. David E. Allen & Michael McAleer & Marcel Scharth, 2009. "Realized Volatility Risk," CARF F-Series CARF-F-197, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo, revised Jan 2010.
    7. Michael McAleer & Marcelo Medeiros, 2008. "Realized Volatility: A Review," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(1-3), pages 10-45.
    8. Gallo, Giampiero M. & Otranto, Edoardo, 2015. "Forecasting realized volatility with changing average levels," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 620-634.
    9. Wang, Xunxiao & Wu, Chongfeng & Xu, Weidong, 2015. "Volatility forecasting: The role of lunch-break returns, overnight returns, trading volume and leverage effects," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 609-619.
    10. Douglas G. Santos & Flavio A. Ziegelmann, 2014. "Volatility Forecasting via MIDAS, HAR and their Combination: An Empirical Comparative Study for IBOVESPA," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(4), pages 284-299, July.
    11. Majewski, A. A. & Bormetti, G. & Corsi, F., 2013. "Smile from the Past: A general option pricing framework with multiple volatility and leverage components," Working Papers 13/11, Department of Economics, City University London.
    12. Fulvio Corsi & Roberto Renò, 2012. "Discrete-Time Volatility Forecasting With Persistent Leverage Effect and the Link With Continuous-Time Volatility Modeling," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 368-380, January.
    13. Sergii Pypko, 2015. "Volatility Forecast in Crises and Expansions," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-26, August.
    14. Andrada-Félix, Julián & Fernández-Rodríguez, Fernando & Fuertes, Ana-Maria, 2016. "Combining nearest neighbor predictions and model-based predictions of realized variance: Does it pay?," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 695-715.
    15. Matei, Marius, 2011. "Non-Linear Volatility Modeling of Economic and Financial Time Series Using High Frequency Data," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 116-141, June.
    16. Heather M. Anderson & Farshid Vahid, 2013. "Common non-linearities in multiple series of stock market volatility," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 1/13, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
    17. Les Oxley & Marco Reale & Carl Scarrott & Xin Zhao, 2009. "Extreme Value GARCH modelling with Bayesian Inference," Working Papers in Economics 09/05, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    18. Allen, David E. & McAleer, Michael & Scharth, Marcel, 2011. "Monte Carlo option pricing with asymmetric realized volatility dynamics," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 81(7), pages 1247-1256.
    19. Majewski, Adam A. & Bormetti, Giacomo & Corsi, Fulvio, 2015. "Smile from the past: A general option pricing framework with multiple volatility and leverage components," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(2), pages 521-531.
    20. Elsy Gómez-Ramos & Francisco Venegas-Martínez, 2013. "A Review of Artificial Neural Networks: How Well Do They Perform in Forecasting Time Series?," Analítika, Analítika - Revista de Análisis Estadístico/Journal of Statistical Analysis, vol. 6(2), pages 7-15, Diciembre.
    21. Giampiero M. Gallo & Edoardo Otranto, 2014. "Forecasting Realized Volatility with Changes of Regimes," Econometrics Working Papers Archive 2014_03, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", revised Feb 2014.
    22. repec:eee:reveco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:276-291 is not listed on IDEAS
    23. ERIC HILLEBRAND & MArcelo Cunha Medeiros, 2010. "Asymmetries, breaks, and long-range dependence: An estimation framework for daily realized volatility," Textos para discussão 578, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
    24. repec:eee:finana:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:94-111 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Realized volatility; long memory; nonlinear models; asymmetric effects; regime switching; regression trees; smooth transition; value-at-risk; forecasting; empirical finance.;

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