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The Relationship between the Inflation Rate and Inequality across US States: A Semiparametric Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Mehmet Balcilar

    (Department of Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, Cyprus)

  • Shinhye Chang

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Rangan Gupta

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Stephen M. Miller

    (Department of Economics, Lee Business School, University of Nevada, USA)

Abstract

This paper uses a cross-state panel for the United States over the 1976 to 2007 period to assess the relationship between income inequality and the inflation rate. Employing a semiparametric instrument variable (IV) estimator, we find that the relationship depends on the level of the inflation rate. A positive relationship occurs only if the states exceed a threshold level of inflation rate. Below this value, inflation rate lowers income inequality. The results suggest that a nonlinear relationship exists between income inequality and the inflation rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehmet Balcilar & Shinhye Chang & Rangan Gupta & Stephen M. Miller, 2016. "The Relationship between the Inflation Rate and Inequality across US States: A Semiparametric Approach," Working Papers 201682, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201682
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    Cited by:

    1. Huynh, Cong Minh & Tran, Hoai Nam, 2022. "Financial development, income inequality and institutional quality: A multi-dimensional analysis," MPRA Paper 112829, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Bagchi, Sutirtha & Curran, Michael & Fagerstrom, Matthew J., 2019. "Monetary growth and wealth inequality," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 23-25.
    3. Edmond Berisha & Ram Sewak Dubey & Orkideh Gharehgozli, 2022. "Inflation and income inequality: Does the level of income inequality matter?," Papers 2202.05743, arXiv.org.
    4. Berisha, Edmond & Gupta, Rangan & Meszaros, John, 2020. "The impact of macroeconomic factors on income inequality: Evidence from the BRICS," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 559-567.
    5. Zheng, Zhijie & Huang, Chien-Yu & Wan, Xi, 2020. "Human Capital and Income Inequality in a Monetary Schumpeterian Growth Model," MPRA Paper 101912, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Sima Siami‐Namini & Conrad Lyford & A. Alexandre Trindade, 2020. "The Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Income Inequality Across U.S. States," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 39(3), pages 204-221, September.
    7. Bittencourt, Manoel & Chang, Shinhye & Gupta, Rangan & Miller, Stephen M., 2019. "Does financial development affect income inequality in the U.S. States?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1043-1056.
    8. Edmond Berisha & Rangan Gupta & John Meszaros, 2019. "Fisher Variables and Income Inequality in the BRICS," Working Papers 201933, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    9. Edmond Berisha & Orkideh Gharehgozli & Rangan Gupta, 2022. "Inflation-Inequality Puzzle: Is it Still Apparent?," Working Papers 202206, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    10. Manoel Bittencourt & Shinhye Chang & Rangan Gupta & Stephen M. Miller, 2018. "Does Financial Development Affect Income Inequality in the U.S. States? A Panel Data Analysis," Working Papers 201803, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income inequality; Inflation rate; Semiparametric instrumental variable estimator;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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