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Portuguese Women in Science and Technology (S&T): Some Gender Features Behind MSc. and PhD. Achievement

Author

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  • Chagas Lopes, Margarida

Abstract

Portuguese Women in S&T - Abstract Most research based upon institutional data has been dealing with the situation of Portuguese women in Science and Technology as if it would be a homogeneous set. Quite the opposite, whilst women in science are performing increasingly better than men since the early school ages, indeed a Portuguese idiosyncrasy comparing to other PISA countries, they are still underrepresented in most technological fields. Among other determinants this feature ascribes most Portuguese graduate women to occupations where career prospects are quite uncertain and worse than men's in the same qualification levels. Either by career requirements or in reason of one's seeking to improve knowledge and apply to a better job, post-graduation undergoing appears therefore as an obvious way out strategy. Nevertheless, even high skilled Portuguese women in scientific occupations face generally weaker opportunities and have to take more time than men to achieve a post-graduation. A Project in the behalf of Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology provided us longitudinal data on PhD. and MSc. Trajectories within four Portuguese universities. By investigating such a data on the basis of a Hazard-Survival Model and Cox Regression Analysis we could identify some of the main gender determinants behind obstacles and time to achieve MSc (author abstract)

Suggested Citation

  • Chagas Lopes, Margarida, 2006. "Portuguese Women in Science and Technology (S&T): Some Gender Features Behind MSc. and PhD. Achievement," MPRA Paper 26744, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26744
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26744/1/MPRA_paper_26744.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters,in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Chagas Lopes, Margarida & Medeiros, João, 2004. "School Failure and Intergenerational “Human Capital” Transmission in Portugal," MPRA Paper 26764, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Danièle Meulders & Robert Plasman & Michele Cincera & Séverine Lemière & Stéphane Danis & Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai & Ilan Tojerow & Maria Jepsen & Amynah Vanessa Gangji & David Moreno & Maria Caprile , 2003. "Women in industrial research - Analysis of statistical data and good practices of companies," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7728, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. Chagas Lopes, Margarida & Medeiros, João & PINTO, AQUILES, 2005. "Does School Improve Equity? Some Key Findings from Portuguese Data," MPRA Paper 26762, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender and Science; Obstacles to post-graduation achievement; Hazard Survival Models; Portugal.;

    JEL classification:

    • A23 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Graduate
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General

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